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  Domain Name: ALDH_F1-2_Ald2-like
ALDH subfamily: ALDH families 1and 2, including 10-formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase, NAD+-dependent retinal dehydrogenase 1 and related proteins. ALDH subfamily which includes the NAD+-dependent retinal dehydrogenase 1 (RALDH 1, ALDH1, EC=1.2.1.36), also known as aldehyde dehydrogenase family 1 member A1 (ALDH1A1), in humans, a homotetrameric, cytosolic enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of retinaldehyde to retinoic acid. Human ALDH1B1 and ALDH2 are also in this cluster; both are mitochrondrial homotetramers which play important roles in acetaldehyde oxidation; ALDH1B1 in response to UV light exposure and ALDH2 during ethanol metabolism. 10-formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (FTHFDH, EC=1.5.1.6), also known as aldehyde dehydrogenase family 1 member L1 (ALDH1L1), in humans, a multi-domain homotetramer with an N-terminal formyl transferase domain and a C-terminal ALDH domain. FTHFDH catalyzes an NADP+-dependent dehydrogenase reaction resulting in the conversion of 10-formyltetrahydrofolate to tetrahydrofolate and CO2. Also included in this subfamily is the Arabidosis aldehyde dehydrogenase family 2 members B4 and B7 (EC=1.2.1.3), which are mitochondrial, homotetramers that oxidize acetaldehyde and glycolaldehyde, as well as, the Arabidosis cytosolic, homotetramer ALDH2C4 (EC=1.2.1.3), an enzyme involved in the oxidation of sinapalehyde and coniferaldehyde. Also included is the AldA aldehyde dehydrogenase of Aspergillus nidulans (locus AN0554), the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (YMR170c, ALD5, EC=1.2.1.5) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and other similar sequences.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 61
Total Disease Mutations Found: 29
This domain occurred 18 times on human genes (32 proteins).



  ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE, PROTECTION AGAINST, INCLUDED;;
  ALCOHOL SENSITIVITY, ACUTE
  EPILEPSY, PYRIDOXINE-DEPENDENT
  HANGOVER, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, INCLUDED;;|
  HYPERPROLINEMIA, TYPE II
  METHYLMALONATE SEMIALDEHYDE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY
  MICROPHTHALMIA, ISOLATED 8
  SJOGREN-LARSSON SYNDROME
  SUCCINIC SEMIALDEHYDE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY


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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
NAD(P) binding site
catalytic residues





















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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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