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  Domain Name: PA
PA: Protease-associated (PA) domain. The PA domain is an insert domain in a diverse fraction of proteases. The significance of the PA domain to many of the proteins in which it is inserted is undetermined. It may be a protein-protein interaction domain. At peptidase active sites, the PA domain may participate in substrate binding and/or promoting conformational changes, which influence the stability and accessibility of the site to substrate. Proteins into which the PA domain is inserted include the following: i) various signal peptide peptidases including, hSPPL2a and 2b which catalyze the intramembrane proteolysis of tumor necrosis factor alpha, ii) various proteins containing a C3H2C3 RING finger including, Arabidopsis ReMembR-H2 protein and various E3 ubiquitin ligases such as human GRAIL (gene related to anergy in lymphocytes), iii) EDEM3 (ER-degradation-enhancing mannosidase-like 3 protein), iv) various plant vacuolar sorting receptors such as Pisum sativum BP-80, v) glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII), vi) yeast aminopeptidase Y, vii) Vibrio metschnikovii VapT, a sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) resistant extracellular alkaline serine protease, viii) lactocepin (a cell envelope-associated protease from Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei NCDO 151), ix) various subtilisin-like proteases such as melon Cucumisin, and x) human TfR (transferrin receptor) 1 and 2.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 15
Total Disease Mutations Found: 2
This domain occurred 16 times on human genes (25 proteins).



  HEMOCHROMATOSIS, TYPE 3


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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
PA/protease or protease-l














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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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