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  Domain Name: PTKc_Jak2_Jak3_rpt2
Catalytic (repeat 2) domain of the Protein Tyrosine Kinases, Janus kinases 2 and 3. Protein Tyrosine Kinase (PTK) family; Janus kinase 2 (Jak2) and Jak3; catalytic (c) domain (repeat 2). The PTKc family is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other kinases such as protein serine/threonine kinases, RIO kinases, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). PTKs catalyze the transfer of the gamma-phosphoryl group from ATP to tyrosine (tyr) residues in protein substrates. Jak2 and Jak3 are members of the Janus kinase (Jak) subfamily of proteins, which are cytoplasmic (or nonreceptor) tyr kinases containing an N-terminal FERM domain, followed by a Src homology 2 (SH2) domain, a pseudokinase domain, and a C-terminal catalytic tyr kinase domain. Jaks are crucial for cytokine receptor signaling. They are activated by autophosphorylation upon cytokine-induced receptor aggregation, and subsequently trigger downstream signaling events such as the phosphorylation of signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs). Jak2 is widely expressed in many tissues while Jak3 is expressed only in hematopoietic cells. Jak2 is essential for the signaling of hormone-like cytokines such as growth hormone, erythropoietin, thrombopoietin, and prolactin, as well as some IFNs and cytokines that signal through the IL-3 and gp130 receptors. Jak3 binds the shared receptor subunit common gamma chain and thus, is essential in the signaling of cytokines that use it such as IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-9, IL-15, and IL-21. Disruption of Jak2 in mice results in an embryonic lethal phenotype with multiple defects including erythropoietic and cardiac abnormalities. It is the only Jak gene that results in a lethal phenotype when disrupted in mice. A mutation in the pseudokinase domain of Jak2, V617F, is present in many myeloproliferative diseases, including almost all patients with polycythemia vera, and 50% of patients with essential thrombocytosis and myelofibrosis. Jak3 is important in lymphoid development and myeloid cell differentiation. Inactivating mutations in Jak3 have been reported in humans with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID).
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 752
Total Disease Mutations Found: 414
This domain occurred 411 times on human genes (940 proteins).



  ADENOCARCINOMA OF LUNG, RESPONSE TO TYROS
  ADENOCARCINOMA OF LUNG, SOMATIC
  AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS 19
  AORTIC ANEURYSM, FAMILIAL THORACIC 7
  BLADDER CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  BRACHYDACTYLY, TYPE A2
  BREAST CANCER, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  CAMPTODACTYLY, TALL STATURE, AND HEARING LOSS SYNDROME
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 1
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 3
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 4
  CATARACT 6, AGE-RELATED CORTICAL
  CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA, RESISTANT TO IMATINIB
  COFFIN-LOWRY SYNDROME
  COFFIN-LOWRY SYNDROME, MILD
  COLON CANCER, HEREDITARY NONPOLYPOSIS, TYPE 6, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  COLON CANCER, SOMATIC
  COLORECTAL CANCER, HEREDITARY NONPOLYPOSIS, TYPE 6
  COLORECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC
  COLORECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  COWDEN DISEASE 6
  CROUZON SYNDROME
  DEFICIENCY
  DIABETES MELLITUS, INSULIN-RESISTANT, WITH ACANTHOSIS NIGRICANS
  DIABETES MELLITUS, NONINSULIN-DEPENDENT
  DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE II
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 2
  ESOPHAGEAL CANCER, SOMATIC
  FG SYNDROME 4
  FIBRODYSPLASIA OSSIFICANS PROGRESSIVA
  GASTRIC CANCER, SOMATIC
  GASTROINTESTINAL STROMAL TUMOR, FAMILIAL
  GASTROINTESTINAL STROMAL TUMOR, SOMATIC
  GERM CELL TUMOR, SOMATIC
  GLIOBLASTOMA, SOMATIC
  GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE IXC
  HARTSFIELD SYNDROME
  HEMANGIOMA, CAPILLARY INFANTILE, SOMATIC
  HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA, CHILDHOOD TYPE, SOMATIC
  HIRSCHSPRUNG DISEASE, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 1
  HYPERINSULINEMIC HYPOGLYCEMIA, FAMILIAL, 5
  HYPOCHONDROPLASIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH ANOSMIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH OR WITHOUT ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITHOUT ANOSMIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITHOUT ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  IN
  INSENSITIVITY TO PAIN, CONGENITAL, WITH ANHIDROSIS
  INSULIN RESISTANCE
  INSULIN RESISTANCE, INCLUDED
  IRAK4 DEFICIENCY
  JUVENILE POLYPOSIS SYNDROME
  LADD SYNDROME
  LEUKEMIA, ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  LEUKEMIA, ACUTE MYELOID
  LEUKEMIA, ACUTE MYELOID, SOMATIC
  LEUKEMIA, PHILADELPHIA CHROMOSOME-POSITIVE, RESISTANT TO IMATINIB
  LOEYS-DIETZ SYNDROME, TYPE 1A
  LOEYS-DIETZ SYNDROME, TYPE 1B
  LOEYS-DIETZ SYNDROME, TYPE 1B, INCLUDED
  LOEYS-DIETZ SYNDROME, TYPE 2A
  LOEYS-DIETZ SYNDROME, TYPE 2A, INCLUDED
  LOEYS-DIETZ SYNDROME, TYPE 2B
  LYMPHEDEMA, HEREDITARY, I
  LYMPHEDEMA, HEREDITARY, IA
  LYMPHOMA, NON-HODGKIN, SOMATIC
  LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE SYNDROME 1
  MALFORMATIONS
  MAST CELL DISEASE, SYSTEMIC
  MAST CELL LEUKEMIA
  MASTOCYTOSIS WITH ASSOCIATED HEMATOLOGIC DISORDER, INCLUDED;;
  MASTOCYTOSIS, ADULT SPORADIC, INCLUDE
  MASTOCYTOSIS, SPORADIC, CHILDHOOD-ONSET
  MEGALENCEPHALY-POLYMICROGYRIA-POLYDACTYLY-HYDROCEPHALUS SYNDROME
  MELANOMA, MALIGNANT, SOMATIC
  MENTAL RETARDATION AND MICROCEPHALY WITH PONTINE AND CEREBELLAR HYPOPLASIA
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED 19
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED 30
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED, WITH NYSTAGMUS
  MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA, TYPE IIA
  MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA, TYPE IIB
  MULTIPLE MYELOMA, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  MULTIPLE SELF-HEALING SQUAMOUS EPITHELIOMA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  MYASTHENIC SYNDROME, CONGENITAL, ASSOCIATED WITH ACETYLCHOLINE RECEPTOR
  NEPHRONOPHTHISIS 9 (NPHP9)
  NEUROBLASTOMA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 3
  NEUROPATHY, HEREDITARY SENSORY, TYPE II
  NONSMALL CELL LUNG CANCER, RESISTANCE TO TYROSINE KINASE INHIBITOR
  NONSMALL CELL LUNG CANCER, RESPONSE TO TYROSINE KINASE INHIBITOR IN,
  NOONAN SYNDROME 7
  OBESITY, HYPERPHAGIA, AND DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY
  OGUCHI DISEASE 2
  OVARIAN CANCER, SOMATIC
  PARKINSON DISEASE 8, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT
  PERSISTENT MULLERIAN DUCT SYNDROME, TYPE II
  PEUTZ-JEGHERS SYNDROME
  PFEIFFER SYNDROME
  PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA, INCLUDED
  PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA, SOMATIC, IN
  PIEBALDISM
  PIEBALDISM WITH SENSORINEURAL DEAFNESS
  PROSTATE CANCER, PROGRESSION AND METASTASIS OF
  PULMONARY HYPERTENSION, PRIMARY, 1
  PULMONARY HYPERTENSION, PRIMARY, 1, WITH HEREDITARY HEMORRHAGIC TELANGIECTASIA
  PULMONARY HYPERTENSION, PRIMARY, DEXFENFLURAMINE-ASSOCIATED, INCLUDED
  PULMONARY VENOOCCLUSIVE DISEASE
  RENAL AGENESIS
  RENAL CELL CARCINOMA, PAPILLARY, 1
  RENAL CELL CARCINOMA, PAPILLARY, 1, SOMATIC
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 38
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 62
  SADDAN DYSPLASIA
  SCAPHOCEPHALY, MAXILLARY RETRUSION, AND MENTAL RETARDATION, INCLUDED
  SELECTIVE T-CELL DEFECT
  SHORT RIB-POLYDACTYLY SYNDROME 2A (SRPS2A)
  SHORT RIB-POLYDACTYLY SYNDROME, TYPE IIA
  SOMATIC
  SPERMATOCYTIC SEMINOMA, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  SPERMATOGENIC FAILURE 5
  SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIA 14
  SPONDYLOMETAEPIPHYSEAL DYSPLASIA, SHORT LIMB-HAND TYPE
  T-CELL IMMUNODEFICIENCY, RECURRENT INFECTIONS, AUTOIMMUNITY, AND CARDIAC
  TESTICULAR TUMOR, SOMATIC
  THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA, TYPE I
  THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA, TYPE I, INCLUDED
  THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA, TYPE II
  THROMBOCYTOPENIA 2
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FAMILIAL MEDULLARY
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FAMILIAL MEDULLARY, INCLUDED
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FOLLICULAR, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  THYROID CARCINOMA, PAPILLARY, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;|
  THYROID CARCINOMA, SPORADIC MEDULLARY, INCLUDED;;
  TO
  VARIANT OF UNKNOWN SIGNIFICANCE
  VENOUS MALFORMATIONS, MULTIPLE CUTANEOUS AND MUCOSAL


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