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  Domain Name: STKc_ASK
Catalytic domain of the Protein Serine/Threonine Kinase, Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase. Serine/threonine kinases (STKs), Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase (ASK) subfamily, catalytic (c) domain. STKs catalyze the transfer of the gamma-phosphoryl group from ATP to serine/threonine residues on protein substrates. The ASK subfamily is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other protein STKs, protein tyrosine kinases, RIO kinases, aminoglycoside phosphotransferase, choline kinase, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase. Subfamily members are mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase kinases (MAPKKKs or MKKKs or MAP3Ks) and include ASK1, ASK2, and MAPKKK15. MAPKKKs phosphorylate and activate MAPK kinases (MAPKKs or MKKs or MAP2Ks), which in turn phosphorylate and activate MAPKs during signaling cascades that are important in mediating cellular responses to extracellular signals. ASK1 (also called MAPKKK5) functions in the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 MAPK signaling pathways by directly activating their respective MAPKKs, MKK4/MKK7 and MKK3/MKK6. It plays important roles in cytokine and stress responses, as well as in reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated cellular responses. ASK1 is implicated in various diseases mediated by oxidative stress including inschemic heart disease, hypertension, vessel injury, brain ischemia, Fanconi anemia, asthma, and pulmonary edema, among others. ASK2 (also called MAPKKK6) functions only in a heteromeric complex with ASK1, and can activate ASK1 by direct phosphorylation. The function of MAPKKK15 is still unknown.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 785
Total Disease Mutations Found: 401
This domain occurred 421 times on human genes (960 proteins).



  ADENOCARCINOMA OF LUNG, RESPONSE TO TYROS
  ADENOCARCINOMA OF LUNG, SOMATIC
  AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS 19
  AORTIC ANEURYSM, FAMILIAL THORACIC 7
  BLADDER CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  BRACHYDACTYLY, TYPE A2
  BREAST CANCER, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  CAMPTODACTYLY, TALL STATURE, AND HEARING LOSS SYNDROME
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 1
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 3
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 4
  CATARACT 6, AGE-RELATED CORTICAL
  CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA, RESISTANT TO IMATINIB
  COFFIN-LOWRY SYNDROME
  COFFIN-LOWRY SYNDROME, MILD
  COLON CANCER, HEREDITARY NONPOLYPOSIS, TYPE 6, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  COLON CANCER, SOMATIC
  COLORECTAL CANCER, HEREDITARY NONPOLYPOSIS, TYPE 6
  COLORECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC
  COLORECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  CROUZON SYNDROME
  DEFICIENCY
  DIABETES MELLITUS, INSULIN-RESISTANT, WITH ACANTHOSIS NIGRICANS
  DIABETES MELLITUS, NONINSULIN-DEPENDENT
  DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE II
  ENDOCRINE-CEREBROOSTEODYSPLASIA
  ENDOCRINE-CEREBROOSTEODYSPLASIA (ECO)
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 2
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 2 (EIEE2)
  ESOPHAGEAL CANCER, SOMATIC
  FG SYNDROME 4
  FIBRODYSPLASIA OSSIFICANS PROGRESSIVA
  GASTRIC CANCER, SOMATIC
  GLIOBLASTOMA, SOMATIC
  GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE IXC
  HARTSFIELD SYNDROME
  HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA, CHILDHOOD TYPE, SOMATIC
  HIRSCHSPRUNG DISEASE, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 1
  HYPERINSULINEMIC HYPOGLYCEMIA, FAMILIAL, 5
  HYPOCHONDROPLASIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH ANOSMIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH OR WITHOUT ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITHOUT ANOSMIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITHOUT ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  IN
  INSENSITIVITY TO PAIN, CONGENITAL, WITH ANHIDROSIS
  INSULIN RESISTANCE
  INSULIN RESISTANCE, INCLUDED
  IRAK4 DEFICIENCY
  JUVENILE POLYPOSIS SYNDROME
  LADD SYNDROME
  LEUKEMIA, ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  LEUKEMIA, ACUTE MYELOID, SOMATIC
  LEUKEMIA, PHILADELPHIA CHROMOSOME-POSITIVE, RESISTANT TO IMATINIB
  LOEYS-DIETZ SYNDROME, TYPE 1A
  LOEYS-DIETZ SYNDROME, TYPE 1B
  LOEYS-DIETZ SYNDROME, TYPE 1B, INCLUDED
  LOEYS-DIETZ SYNDROME, TYPE 2A
  LOEYS-DIETZ SYNDROME, TYPE 2A, INCLUDED
  LOEYS-DIETZ SYNDROME, TYPE 2B
  LYMPHOMA, NON-HODGKIN, SOMATIC
  LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE SYNDROME 1
  MALFORMATIONS
  MEGALENCEPHALY-POLYMICROGYRIA-POLYDACTYLY-HYDROCEPHALUS SYNDROME
  MELANOMA, MALIGNANT, SOMATIC
  MENTAL RETARDATION AND MICROCEPHALY WITH PONTINE AND CEREBELLAR HYPOPLASIA
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED 19
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED 30
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED, WITH NYSTAGMUS
  MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA, TYPE IIA
  MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA, TYPE IIB
  MULTIPLE MYELOMA, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  MULTIPLE SELF-HEALING SQUAMOUS EPITHELIOMA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  MYASTHENIC SYNDROME, CONGENITAL, ASSOCIATED WITH ACETYLCHOLINE RECEPTOR
  NEPHRONOPHTHISIS 9 (NPHP9)
  NEUROBLASTOMA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 3
  NEUROPATHY, HEREDITARY SENSORY, TYPE II
  NONSMALL CELL LUNG CANCER, RESISTANCE TO TYROSINE KINASE INHIBITOR
  NONSMALL CELL LUNG CANCER, RESPONSE TO TYROSINE KINASE INHIBITOR IN,
  NOONAN SYNDROME 7
  OBESITY, HYPERPHAGIA, AND DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY
  OGUCHI DISEASE 2
  OVARIAN CANCER, SOMATIC
  PANCREATIC CANCER, SOMATIC
  PARKINSON DISEASE 8, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT
  PERSISTENT MULLERIAN DUCT SYNDROME, TYPE II
  PEUTZ-JEGHERS SYNDROME
  PFEIFFER SYNDROME
  PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA, INCLUDED
  PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA, SOMATIC, IN
  PROSTATE CANCER, PROGRESSION AND METASTASIS OF
  PULMONARY HYPERTENSION, PRIMARY, 1
  PULMONARY HYPERTENSION, PRIMARY, 1, WITH HEREDITARY HEMORRHAGIC TELANGIECTASIA
  PULMONARY HYPERTENSION, PRIMARY, DEXFENFLURAMINE-ASSOCIATED, INCLUDED
  PULMONARY VENOOCCLUSIVE DISEASE
  RENAL AGENESIS
  RENAL CELL CARCINOMA, PAPILLARY, 1
  RENAL CELL CARCINOMA, PAPILLARY, 1, SOMATIC
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 38
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 62
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 62 (RP62)
  SADDAN DYSPLASIA
  SCAPHOCEPHALY, MAXILLARY RETRUSION, AND MENTAL RETARDATION, INCLUDED
  SELECTIVE T-CELL DEFECT
  SHORT RIB-POLYDACTYLY SYNDROME 2A (SRPS2A)
  SHORT RIB-POLYDACTYLY SYNDROME, TYPE IIA
  SOMATIC
  SPERMATOCYTIC SEMINOMA, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  SPERMATOGENIC FAILURE 5
  SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIA 14
  SPONDYLOMETAEPIPHYSEAL DYSPLASIA, SHORT LIMB-HAND TYPE
  T-CELL IMMUNODEFICIENCY, RECURRENT INFECTIONS, AUTOIMMUNITY, AND CARDIAC
  TESTICULAR TUMOR, SOMATIC
  THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA, TYPE I
  THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA, TYPE I, INCLUDED
  THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA, TYPE II
  THROMBOCYTOPENIA 2
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FAMILIAL MEDULLARY
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FAMILIAL MEDULLARY, INCLUDED
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FOLLICULAR, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  THYROID CARCINOMA, PAPILLARY, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;|
  THYROID CARCINOMA, SPORADIC MEDULLARY, INCLUDED;;
  TO
  VARIANT OF UNKNOWN SIGNIFICANCE
  VENOUS MALFORMATIONS, MULTIPLE CUTANEOUS AND MUCOSAL


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