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  Domain Name: STKc_GRK
Catalytic domain of the Protein Serine/Threonine Kinase, G protein-coupled Receptor Kinase. Serine/Threonine Kinases (STKs), G protein-coupled Receptor Kinase (GRK) subfamily, catalytic (c) domain. STKs catalyze the transfer of the gamma-phosphoryl group from ATP to serine/threonine residues on protein substrates. The GRK subfamily is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other protein STKs, protein tyrosine kinases, RIO kinases, aminoglycoside phosphotransferase, choline kinase, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase. GRKs phosphorylate and regulate G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), the largest superfamily of cell surface receptors, which regulate some part of nearly all physiological functions. Phosphorylated GPCRs bind to arrestins, which prevents further G protein signaling despite the presence of activating ligand. GRKs contain a central catalytic domain, flanked by N- and C-terminal extensions. The N-terminus contains an RGS (regulator of G protein signaling) homology (RH) domain and several motifs. The C-terminus diverges among different groups of GRKs. There are seven types of GRKs, named GRK1 to GRK7. They are subdivided into three main groups: visual (GRK1/7); beta-adrenergic receptor kinases (GRK2/3); and GRK4-like (GRK4/5/6). Expression of GRK2/3/5/6 is widespread while GRK1/4/7 show a limited tissue distribution. The substrate spectrum of the widely expressed GRKs partially overlaps. GRKs play important roles in the cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, skeletal, and nervous systems.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 540
Total Disease Mutations Found: 290
This domain occurred 384 times on human genes (875 proteins).



  ADENOCARCINOMA OF LUNG, SOMATIC
  AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS 19
  AORTIC ANEURYSM, FAMILIAL THORACIC 7
  BLADDER CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  BREAST CANCER, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  CAMPTODACTYLY, TALL STATURE, AND HEARING LOSS SYNDROME
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 1
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 3
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 4
  CATARACT 6, AGE-RELATED CORTICAL
  CEREBRAL INFARCTION, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  COFFIN-LOWRY SYNDROME
  COFFIN-LOWRY SYNDROME, MILD
  COLORECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC
  COLORECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  CROUZON SYNDROME
  DIABETES MELLITUS, INSULIN-RESISTANT, WITH ACANTHOSIS NIGRICANS
  DIABETES MELLITUS, NONINSULIN-DEPENDENT
  DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE II
  ENDOCRINE-CEREBROOSTEODYSPLASIA
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 2
  FG SYNDROME 4
  FIBRODYSPLASIA OSSIFICANS PROGRESSIVA
  GASTRIC CANCER, SOMATIC
  GLIOBLASTOMA, SOMATIC
  GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE IXC
  HARTSFIELD SYNDROME
  HEMANGIOMA, CAPILLARY INFANTILE, SOMATIC
  HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA, CHILDHOOD TYPE, SOMATIC
  HIRSCHSPRUNG DISEASE, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 1
  HYPERINSULINEMIC HYPOGLYCEMIA, FAMILIAL, 5
  HYPOCHONDROPLASIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH ANOSMIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH OR WITHOUT ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITHOUT ANOSMIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITHOUT ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  INSENSITIVITY TO PAIN, CONGENITAL, WITH ANHIDROSIS
  INSULIN RESISTANCE
  INSULIN RESISTANCE, INCLUDED
  IRAK4 DEFICIENCY
  JUVENILE POLYPOSIS SYNDROME
  LADD SYNDROME
  LOEYS-DIETZ SYNDROME, TYPE 1A
  LYMPHEDEMA, HEREDITARY, I
  LYMPHEDEMA, HEREDITARY, IA
  LYMPHOMA, NON-HODGKIN, SOMATIC
  LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE SYNDROME 1
  MALFORMATIONS
  MEGALENCEPHALY-POLYMICROGYRIA-POLYDACTYLY-HYDROCEPHALUS SYNDROME
  MELANOMA, MALIGNANT, SOMATIC
  MENTAL RETARDATION AND MICROCEPHALY WITH PONTINE AND CEREBELLAR HYPOPLASIA
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED 19
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED 30
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED, WITH NYSTAGMUS
  MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA, TYPE IIA
  MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA, TYPE IIB
  MULTIPLE MYELOMA, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  MULTIPLE SELF-HEALING SQUAMOUS EPITHELIOMA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  NEUROBLASTOMA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 3
  NEUROPATHY, HEREDITARY SENSORY, TYPE II
  NOONAN SYNDROME 7
  OBESITY, HYPERPHAGIA, AND DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY
  OGUCHI DISEASE 2
  OVARIAN CANCER, SOMATIC
  PARKINSON DISEASE 8, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT
  PERSISTENT MULLERIAN DUCT SYNDROME, TYPE II
  PEUTZ-JEGHERS SYNDROME
  PFEIFFER SYNDROME
  PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA, INCLUDED
  PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA, SOMATIC, IN
  PROSTATE CANCER, PROGRESSION AND METASTASIS OF
  RENAL AGENESIS
  RENAL CELL CARCINOMA, PAPILLARY, 1
  RENAL CELL CARCINOMA, PAPILLARY, 1, SOMATIC
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 38
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 62
  SADDAN DYSPLASIA
  SCAPHOCEPHALY, MAXILLARY RETRUSION, AND MENTAL RETARDATION, INCLUDED
  SELECTIVE T-CELL DEFECT
  SHORT RIB-POLYDACTYLY SYNDROME, TYPE IIA
  SPERMATOCYTIC SEMINOMA, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  SPERMATOGENIC FAILURE 5
  SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIA 14
  SPONDYLOMETAEPIPHYSEAL DYSPLASIA, SHORT LIMB-HAND TYPE
  T-CELL IMMUNODEFICIENCY, RECURRENT INFECTIONS, AUTOIMMUNITY, AND CARDIAC
  TESTICULAR TUMOR, SOMATIC
  THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA, TYPE I
  THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA, TYPE I, INCLUDED
  THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA, TYPE II
  THROMBOCYTOPENIA 2
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FAMILIAL MEDULLARY
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FAMILIAL MEDULLARY, INCLUDED
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FOLLICULAR, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  THYROID CARCINOMA, PAPILLARY, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;|
  THYROID CARCINOMA, SPORADIC MEDULLARY, INCLUDED;;
  TO
  VENOUS MALFORMATIONS, MULTIPLE CUTANEOUS AND MUCOSAL


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