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Table of Pairwise Domain-Domain Interactions for the domain:

Interacting Domains ↕CD ↕ Accession (External Link)Description ↕
EGFcd00053Epidermal growth factor domain, found in epidermal growth factor (EGF) presents in a large number of proteins, mostly animal; the list of proteins currently known to contain one or more copies of an EGF-like pattern is large and varied; the functional significance of EGF-like domains in what appear to be unrelated proteins is not yet clear; a common feature is that these repeats are found in the extracellular domain of membrane-bound proteins or in proteins known to be secreted (exception: prostaglandin G/H synthase); the domain includes six cysteine residues which have been shown to be involved in disulfide bonds; the main structure is a two-stranded beta-sheet followed by a loop to a C-terminal short two-stranded sheet; Subdomains between the conserved cysteines vary in length; the region between the 5th and 6th cysteine contains two conserved glycines of which at least one is present in most EGF-like domains; a subset of these bind calcium.
Sushipfam00084Sushi domain (SCR repeat).
Semasmart00630Sema domain. The Sema domain occurs in semaphorins, which are a large family of secreted and transmembrane proteins, some of which function as repellent signals during axon guidance. Sema domains also occur in the hepatocyte growth factor receptor and human plexin A-3.
NGFsmart00140Nerve growth factor family.
Tissue_facpfam01108Tissue factor. This family is found in metazoa, and is very similar to the fibronectin type III domain. The family is found in cytokine receptors, interleukin and interferon receptors and coagulation factor III proteins. It occurs multiple times, as does fn3, family pfam00041.
Kazal_2pfam07648Kazal-type serine protease inhibitor domain. Usually indicative of serine protease inhibitors. However, kazal-like domains are also seen in the extracellular part of agrins, which are not known to be protease inhibitors. Kazal domains often occur in tandem arrays. Small alpha+beta fold containing three disulphides.
VWAsmart00327von Willebrand factor type A domain.
PDZcd00136PDZ domain, also called DHR (Dlg homologous region) or GLGF (after a conserved sequence motif). Many PDZ domains bind C-terminal polypeptides, though binding to internal (non-C-terminal) polypeptides and even to lipids has been demonstrated. Heterodimerization through PDZ-PDZ domain interactions adds to the domain's versatility, and PDZ domain-mediated interactions may be modulated dynamically through target phosphorylation. Some PDZ domains play a role in scaffolding supramolecular complexes. PDZ domains are found in diverse signaling proteins in bacteria, archebacteria, and eurkayotes. This CD contains two distinct structural subgroups with either a N- or C-terminal beta-strand forming the peptide-binding groove base. The circular permutation placing the strand on the N-terminus appears to be found in Eumetazoa only, while the C-terminal variant is found in all three kingdoms of life, and seems to co-occur with protease domains. PDZ domains have been named after PSD95(post synaptic density protein), DlgA (Drosophila disc large tumor suppressor), and ZO1, a mammalian tight junction protein.
Propep_M14pfam02244Carboxypeptidase activation peptide. Carboxypeptidases are found in abundance in pancreatic secretions. The pro-segment moiety (activation peptide) accounts for up to a quarter of the total length of the peptidase, and is responsible for modulation of folding and activity of the pro-enzyme.
WAPcd00199whey acidic protein-type four-disulfide core domains. Members of the family include whey acidic protein, elafin (elastase-specific inhibitor), caltrin-like protein (a calcium transport inhibitor) and other extracellular proteinase inhibitors. A group of proteins containing 8 characteristically-spaced cysteine residuesforming disulphide bonds, have been termed '4-disulphide core' proteins. Protease inhibition occurs by insertion of the inhibitory loop into the active site pocket and interference with the catalytic residues of the protease.
Antistasinpfam02822Antistasin family. Members of this family are inhibitors of trypsin family proteases. This domain is highly disulphide bonded. The domain is also found in some large extracellular proteins in multiple copies.
Tme5_EGF_likepfam09064Thrombomodulin like fifth domain, EGF-like. Members of this family adopt a fold similar to other EGF domains, with a flat major and a twisted minor beta sheet. Disulphide pairing, however, is not of the usual 1-3, 2-4, 5-6 type; rather 1-2, 3-4, 5-6 pairing is found. Its extended major sheet (strands beta-2 and beta-3 and the connecting loop) projects into thrombin's active site groove. This domain is required for interaction of thrombomodulin with thrombin, and subsequent activation of protein-C.
EGF_CAcd00054Calcium-binding EGF-like domain, present in a large number of membrane-bound and extracellular (mostly animal) proteins. Many of these proteins require calcium for their biological function and calcium-binding sites have been found to be located at the N-terminus of particular EGF-like domains; calcium-binding may be crucial for numerous protein-protein interactions. Six conserved core cysteines form three disulfide bridges as in non calcium-binding EGF domains, whose structures are very similar. EGF_CA can be found in tandem repeat arrangements.
Fib_alphapfam08702Fibrinogen alpha/beta chain family. Fibrinogen is a protein involved in platelet aggregation and is essential for the coagulation of blood. This domain forms part of the central coiled coiled region of the protein which is formed from two sets of three non-identical chains (alpha, beta and gamma).
TILpfam01826Trypsin Inhibitor like cysteine rich domain. This family contains trypsin inhibitors as well as a domain found in many extracellular proteins. The domain typically contains ten cysteine residues that form five disulphide bonds. The cysteine residues that form the disulphide bonds are 1-7, 2-6, 3-5, 4-10 and 8-9.

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