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  Domain Name: A2M_2
Proteins similar to alpha2-macroglobulin (alpha (2)-M). This group also contains the pregnancy zone protein (PZP). Alpha(2)-M and PZP are broadly specific proteinase inhibitors. Alpha (2)-M is a major carrier protein in serum. The structural thioester of alpha (2)-M, is involved in the immobilization and entrapment of proteases. PZP is a trace protein in the plasma of non-pregnant females and males which is elevated in pregnancy. Alpha (2)-M and PZ bind to placental protein-14 and may modulate its activity in T-cell growth and cytokine production contributing to fetal survival. It has been suggested that thioester bond cleavage promotes the binding of PZ and alpha (2)-M to the CD91 receptor clearing them from circulation.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 7
Total Disease Mutations Found: 2
This domain occurred 10 times on human genes (18 proteins).


 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
thioester region
specificity defining resi
surface patch

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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