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  Domain Name: Cdc42
cell division cycle 42 (Cdc42) is a small GTPase of the Rho family. Cdc42 is an essential GTPase that belongs to the Rho family of Ras-like GTPases. These proteins act as molecular switches by responding to exogenous and/or endogenous signals and relaying those signals to activate downstream components of a biological pathway. Cdc42 transduces signals to the actin cytoskeleton to initiate and maintain polarized growth and to mitogen-activated protein morphogenesis. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Cdc42 plays an important role in multiple actin-dependent morphogenetic events such as bud emergence, mating-projection formation, and pseudohyphal growth. In mammalian cells, Cdc42 regulates a variety of actin-dependent events and induces the JNK/SAPK protein kinase cascade, which leads to the activation of transcription factors within the nucleus. Cdc42 mediates these processes through interactions with a myriad of downstream effectors, whose number and regulation we are just starting to understand. In addition, Cdc42 has been implicated in a number of human diseases through interactions with its regulators and downstream effectors. Most Rho proteins contain a lipid modification site at the C-terminus, with a typical sequence motif CaaX, where a = an aliphatic amino acid and X = any amino acid. Lipid binding is essential for membrane attachment, a key feature of most Rho proteins. Due to the presence of truncated sequences in this CD, the lipid modification site is not available for annotation.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 114
Total Disease Mutations Found: 69
This domain occurred 94 times on human genes (166 proteins).



  AUTOIMMUNE LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE SYNDROME, TYPE IV
  BLADDER CANCER, SOMATIC
  BLADDER CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  BLADDER CANCER, TRANSITIONAL CELL, SOMATIC
  BREAST ADENOCARCINOMA, SOMATIC
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 2
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 2 (CFC2)
  CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE 2B (CMT2B)
  COSTELLO SYNDROME
  COSTELLO SYNDROME, INCLUDED;;
  COSTELLO SYNDROME, SEVERE
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS WITH UROTHELIAL CAN
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS, SOMATIC
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  FACIOCUTANEOSKELETAL SYNDROME (FCSS)
  GASTRIC CANCER, SOMATIC
  GASTRIC CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  GRISCELLI SYNDROME, TYPE 2
  JUVENILE MYELOMONOCYTIC LEUKEMIA, INCLUDED;;
  LUNG CANCER, SOMATIC
  LUNG CANCER, SQUAMOUS CELL, SOMATIC
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED, SYNDROMIC, MARTIN-PROBST TYPE
  MYOPATHY, CONGENITAL, WITH EXCESS OF MUSCLE SPINDLES
  MYOPATHY, CONGENITAL, WITH EXCESS OF MUSCLE SPINDLES, INCLUDED;;
  NEUTROPHIL IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME
  NEVUS SEBACEOU
  NEVUS SEBACEOUS, SOMATIC
  NEVUS SEBACEOUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  NEVUS SEBACEOUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  NOONAN SYNDROME 3
  NOONAN SYNDROME 6
  NOONAN SYNDROME 6, INCLU
  NOONAN SYNDROME 8
  OVARIAN CANCER, SOMATIC
  PANCREATIC CARCINOMA, SOMATIC
  PILOCYTIC ASTROCYTOMA, SOMATIC
  RECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC
  SCHIMMELPENNING-FEUERSTEIN-MIMS SYNDROME, SOMATIC MOSAIC, INCLUDED;;
  SPERMATOCYTIC SEMINOMA, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FOLLICULAR, SOMATIC
  WARBURG MICRO SYNDROME 3


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.



Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
GTP/Mg2+ binding site
GAP (GTPase-activating pr
GEF (guanine nucleotide e
GDI (guanine nucleotide d
CRIB effector interaction
Par6 cell polarity protei
ACK tyrosine kinase inter
Switch I region
Switch II region
G1 box
G2 box
G3 box
G4 box
G5 box












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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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