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  Domain Name: DNA_pol_A
Family A polymerase primarily fills DNA gaps that arise during DNA repair, recombination and replication. DNA polymerase family A, 5'-3' polymerase domain. Family A polymerase functions primarily to fill DNA gaps that arise during DNA repair, recombination and replication. DNA-dependent DNA polymerases can be classified into six main groups based upon phylogenetic relationships with E. coli polymerase I (classA), E. coli polymerase II (class B), E.coli polymerase III (class C), euryarchaeota polymerase II (class D), human polymerase beta (class X), E. coli UmuC/DinB and eukaryotic RAP 30/Xeroderma pigmentosum variant (class Y). Family A polymerases are found primarily in organisms related to prokaryotes and include prokaryotic DNA polymerase I, mitochondrial polymerase gamma, and several bacteriophage polymerases including those from odd-numbered phage (T3, T5, and T7). Prokaryotic polymerase I (pol I) has two functional domains located on the same polypeptide; a 5'-3' polymerase and a 5'-3' exonuclease. Pol I uses its 5' nuclease activity to remove the ribonucleotide portion of newly synthesized Okazaki fragments and the DNA polymerase activity to fill in the resulting gap. The structure of these polymerases resembles in overall morphology a cupped human right hand, with fingers (which bind an incoming nucleotide and interact with the single-stranded template), palm (which harbors the catalytic amino acid residues and also binds an incoming dNTP) and thumb (which binds double-stranded DNA) subdomains.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 5
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 3 times on human genes (5 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
catalytic site
DNA binding site

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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