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  Domain Name: EVH1_Homer_Vesl
Homer/Vesl family proteins EVH1 domain. Homer/Vesl proteins are synaptic scaffolding proteins, required for long-term potentiation, a form of synaptic plasticity thought to underlie memory formation. They contains an N-terminal EVH1 domain and bind to both neurotransmitter receptors, such as the metabotropic group 1 glutamate receptor (mGluR) and to other scaffolding proteins via PPXXF motifs, in order to target them to the synaptic junction. These mGluRs possess a long C-terminal intracellular tail that may be important for subcellular localization of the receptor. The C-terminus is also the site of binding by the immediate early gene (IEG), Homer 1a. In contrast to Homer 1a, other Homer members additionally encode a C-terminal coiled-coil (CC) domain and form multivalent complexes that bind group 1 mGluRs. Homer 1a competes with constitutively expressed CC-Homers to modify the association of group 1 mGluRs with CC-Homer complexes. Since Homer proteins are strikingly enriched at the postsynaptic density (PSD), these observations suggest a role for the Homer family in regulating synaptic metabotropic receptor function. PSD-Zip45 (also named Homer 1c/Vesl-1L) has an EVH1 domain with a longer alpha-helix and its linking part included in the conserved region of Homer 1 (CRH1) interacts with the EVH1 domain of the neighbour CRH1 molecule in the crystal, suggesting that the EVH1 domain recognizes the PPXXF motif found in the binding partners, and the SPLTP sequence (P-motif) in the linking region of the CRH1. The two types of binding are partly overlapped in the EVH1 domain, implying a mechanism to regulate multimerization of Homer 1 family proteins. Homer 2 and Homer 3 are negative regulators of T cell activation. They bind the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) and compete with calcineurin binding. NFAT plays a critical role in calcium-dependent signaling in other cell types, including muscle and neurons. Homer-NFAT binding is also antagonized by active serine-threonine kinase AKT, enhancing TCR signaling via calcineurin-dependent dephosphorylation of NFAT resulting in changes in cytokine expression and an increase in effector-memory T cell populations in Homer-deficient mice. The EVH1 domains are part of the PH domain superamily. There are 5 EVH1 subfamilies: Enables/VASP, Homer/Vesl, WASP, Dcp1, and Spred. Ligands are known for three of the EVH1 subfamilies, all of which bind proline-rich sequences: the Enabled/VASP family binds to FPPPP peptides, the Homer/Vesl family binds PPxxF peptides, and the WASP family binds LPPPEP peptides. EVH1 has a PH-like fold, despite having minimal sequence similarity to PH or PTB domains.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 2
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 5 times on human genes (10 proteins).

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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
proline-rich peptide bind

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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