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  Domain Name: FAA_hydrolase
Fumarylacetoacetate (FAA) hydrolase family. This family consists of fumarylacetoacetate (FAA) hydrolase, or fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH) and it also includes HHDD isomerase/OPET decarboxylase from E. coli strain W. FAA is the last enzyme in the tyrosine catabolic pathway, it hydrolyses fumarylacetoacetate into fumarate and acetoacetate which then join the citric acid cycle. Mutations in FAA cause type I tyrosinemia in humans this is an inherited disorder mainly affecting the liver leading to liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, renal tubular damages and neurologic crises amongst other symptoms. The enzymatic defect causes the toxic accumulation of phenylalanine/tyrosine catabolites. The E. coli W enzyme HHDD isomerase/OPET decarboxylase contains two copies of this domain and functions in fourth and fifth steps of the homoprotocatechuate pathway; here it decarboxylates OPET to HHDD and isomerises this to OHED. The final products of this pathway are pyruvic acid and succinic semialdehyde. This family also includes various hydratases and 4-oxalocrotonate decarboxylases which are involved in the bacterial meta-cleavage pathways for degradation of aromatic compounds. 2-hydroxypentadienoic acid hydratase, encoded by mhpD in E. coli, is involved in the phenylpropionic acid pathway of E. coli and catalyzes the conversion of 2-hydroxy pentadienoate to 4-hydroxy-2-keto-pentanoate and uses a Mn2+ co-factor. OHED hydratase encoded by hpcG in E. coli is involved in the homoprotocatechuic acid (HPC) catabolism. XylI in P. putida is a 4-Oxalocrotonate decarboxylase.

Total Mutations Found: 1
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 4 times on human genes (4 proteins).

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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

No Conserved Features/Sites Found for FAA_hydrolase

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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