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  Domain Name: GST_C_Mu
C-terminal, alpha helical domain of Class Mu Glutathione S-transferases. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) C-terminal domain family, Class Mu subfamily; GSTs are cytosolic dimeric proteins involved in cellular detoxification by catalyzing the conjugation of glutathione (GSH) with a wide range of endogenous and xenobiotic alkylating agents, including carcinogens, therapeutic drugs, environmental toxins, and products of oxidative stress. The GST fold contains an N-terminal thioredoxin-fold domain and a C-terminal alpha helical domain, with an active site located in a cleft between the two domains. GSH binds to the N-terminal domain while the hydrophobic substrate occupies a pocket in the C-terminal domain. The class Mu subfamily is composed of eukaryotic GSTs. In rats, at least six distinct class Mu subunits have been identified, with homologous genes in humans for five of these subunits. Class Mu GSTs can form homodimers and heterodimers, giving a large number of possible isoenzymes that can be formed, all with overlapping activities but different substrate specificities. They are the most abundant GSTs in human liver, skeletal muscle and brain, and are believed to provide protection against diseases including cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. Some isoenzymes have additional specific functions. Human GST M1-1 acts as an endogenous inhibitor of ASK1 (apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1) thereby suppressing ASK1-mediated cell death. Human GSTM2-2 and 3-3 have been identified as prostaglandin E2 synthases in the brain and may play crucial roles in temperature and sleep-wake regulation.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 4
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 9 times on human genes (14 proteins).




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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
dimer interface
substrate binding pocket
N-terminal domain interfa











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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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