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  Domain Name: IPP_Isomerase
Isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) isomerase, a member of the Nudix hydrolase superfamily, is a key enzyme in the isoprenoid biosynthetic pathway. Isoprenoids comprise a large family of natural products including sterols, carotenoids, dolichols and prenylated proteins. These compounds are synthesized from two precursors: isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP). IPP isomerase catalyzes the interconversion of IPP and DMAPP by a stereoselective antarafacial transposition of hydrogen. The enzyme requires one Mn2+ or Mg2+ ion in its active site to fold into an active conformation and also contains the Nudix motif, a highly conserved 23-residue block (GX5EX7REUXEEXGU, where U = I, L or V), that functions as a metal binding and catalytic site. The metal binding site is present within the active site and plays structural and catalytical roles. IPP isomerase is well represented in several bacteria, archaebacteria and eukaryotes, including fungi, mammals and plants. Despite sequence variations (mainly at the N-terminus), the core structure is highly conserved.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 0
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 2 times on human genes (3 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
metal binding site
nudix motif

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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