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  Domain Name: M14_CPA
Peptidase M14 carboxypeptidase subfamily A/B-like; Carboxypeptidase A subgroup. Peptidase M14 Carboxypeptidase (CP) A (CPA) belongs to the A/B subfamily of the M14 family of metallocarboxypeptidases (MCPs). The M14 family are zinc-binding CPs which hydrolyze single, C-terminal amino acids from polypeptide chains, and have a recognition site for the free C-terminal carboxyl group, which is a key determinant of specificity. CPA enzymes generally favor hydrophobic residues. A/B subfamily enzymes are normally synthesized as inactive precursors containing preceding signal peptide, followed by a globular N-terminal pro-region linked to the enzyme; these proenzymes are called procarboxypeptidases. The procarboxypeptidase A (PCPA) is produced by the exocrine pancreas and stored as a stable zymogen in the pancreatic granules until secretion into the digestive tract occurs. This subfamily includes CPA1, CPA2 and CPA4 forms. Within these A forms, there are slightly different specificities, with CPA1 preferring aliphatic and small aromatic residues, and CPA2 preferring the bulkier aromatic side chains. CPA4, detected in hormone-regulated tissues, is thought to play a role in prostate cancer.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 20
Total Disease Mutations Found: 3
This domain occurred 14 times on human genes (16 proteins).



  CARBOXYPEPTIDASE N DEFICIENCY
  EPILEPSY, FAMILIAL TEMPORAL LOBE, 5
  FEBRILE SEIZURES, FAMILIAL, 11


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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
Zn binding site
active site
inhibitor binding interfa
















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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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