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  Domain Name: M14_CPM
Peptidase M14 carboxypeptidase subfamily N/E-like; Carboxypeptidase M subgroup. Peptidase M14 Carboxypeptidase (CP) M (CPM) belongs to the N/E subfamily of the M14 family of metallocarboxypeptidases (MCPs).The M14 family are zinc-binding CPs which hydrolyze single, C-terminal amino acids from polypeptide chains, and have a recognition site for the free C-terminal carboxyl group, which is a key determinant of specificity. CPM is an extracellular glycoprotein, bound to cell membranes via a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol on the C-terminus of the protein. It specifically removes C-terminal basic residues such as lysine and arginine from peptides and proteins. The highest levels of CPM have been found in human lung and placenta, but significant amounts are present in kidney, blood vessels, intestine, brain, and peripheral nerves. CPM has also been found in soluble form in various body fluids, including amniotic fluid, seminal plasma and urine. Due to its wide distribution in a variety of tissues, it is believed that it plays an important role in the control of peptide hormones and growth factor activity on the cell surface and in the membrane-localized degradation of extracellular proteins, for example it hydrolyses the C-terminal arginine of epidermal growth factor (EGF) resulting in des-Arg-EGF which binds to the EGF receptor (EGFR) with an equal or greater affinity than native EGF. CPM is a required processing enzyme that generates specific agonists for the B1 receptor.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 11
Total Disease Mutations Found: 3
This domain occurred 9 times on human genes (10 proteins).



  CARBOXYPEPTIDASE N DEFICIENCY
  EPILEPSY, FAMILIAL TEMPORAL LOBE, 5
  FEBRILE SEIZURES, FAMILIAL, 11


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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
Zn binding site
putative active site
active site groove

















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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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