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  Domain Name: M14_CPX_like
Peptidase M14 carboxypeptidase subfamily N/E-like; Carboxypeptidase X subgroup. Peptidase M14-like domain of carboxypeptidase (CP)-like protein X (CPX), CPX forms a distinct subgroup of the N/E subfamily of the M14 family of metallocarboxypeptidases (MCPs). The M14 family are zinc-binding CPs which hydrolyze single, C-terminal amino acids from polypeptide chains, and have a recognition site for the free C-terminal carboxyl group, which is a key determinant of specificity. Proteins belonging to this subgroup include CP-like protein X1 (CPX1), CP-like protein X2 (CPX2), and aortic CP-like protein (ACLP) and its isoform adipocyte enhancer binding protein-1 (AEBP1). AEBP1 is a truncated form of ACLP, which may arise from alternative splicing of the gene. These proteins are inactive towards standard CP substrates because they lack one or more critical active site and substrate-binding residues that are necessary for activity. They may function as binding proteins rather than as active CPs or display catalytic activity toward other substrates. Proteins in this subgroup also contain an N-terminal discoidin domain. The CP domain is important for the function of AEBP1 as a transcriptional repressor. AEBP1 is involved in several biological processes including adipogenesis, macrophage cholesterol homeostasis, and inflammation. In macrophages, AEBP1 promotes the expression of IL-6, TNF-alpha, MCP-1, and iNOS whose expression is tightly regulated by NF-kappaB activity. ACLP, a secreted protein that associates with the extracellular matrix, is essential for abdominal wall development and contributes to dermal wound healing.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 7
Total Disease Mutations Found: 1
This domain occurred 8 times on human genes (9 proteins).


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
Zn binding site
putative active site

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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