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  Domain Name: NR_DBD_GR_like
The DNA binding domain of GR_like nuclear receptors is composed of two C4-type zinc fingers. The DNA binding domain of GR_like nuclear receptors is composed of two C4-type zinc fingers. Each zinc finger contains a group of four Cys residues which co-ordinates a single zinc atom. It interacts with specific DNA sites upstream of the target gene and modulates the rate of transcriptional initiation. This family of NRs includes four types of nuclear hormone receptors: glucocorticoid receptor (GR), mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), progesterone receptor (PR), and androgen receptor (AR). The receptors bind to common DNA elements containing a partial palindrome of the core sequence 5'-TGTTCT-3' with a 3bp spacer. These four receptors regulate some of the most fundamental physiological functions such as the stress response, metabolism, electrolyte homeostasis, immune function, growth, development, and reproduction. The NRs in this family have high sequence homology and share similar functional mechanisms. The dominant mechanism of function is by direct DNA binding and transcriptional regulation of target genes . The GR, MR, PR, and AR exhibit same modular structure. They have a central highly conserved DNA binding domain (DBD), a non-conserved N-terminal domain, a flexible hinge and a C-terminal ligand binding domain (LBD).
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 66
Total Disease Mutations Found: 47
This domain occurred 46 times on human genes (181 proteins).



  46,XY SEX REVERSAL 3
  ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY SYNDROME
  ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY, COMPLETE
  ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY, PARTIAL, WITH BREAST CANCER
  ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY, PARTIAL, WITH OR WITHOUT BREAST CANCER
  ENHANCED S-CONE SYNDROME
  GLUCOCORTICOID RESISTANCE, GENERALIZED
  HYPERAPOBETALIPOPROTEINEMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  LIPODYSTROPHY, FAMILIAL PARTIAL, TYPE 3
  MATURITY-ONSET DIABETES OF THE YOUNG, TYPE 1
  MICROPHTHALMIA, SYNDROMIC 12
  PSEUDOHYPOALDOSTERONISM, TYPE I, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 37
  VITAMIN D-DEPENDENT RICKETS, TYPE 2A


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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
zinc binding site
dimer interface
DNA binding site









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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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