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  Domain Name: NR_DBD_Ppar
DNA-binding domain of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) is composed of two C4-type zinc fingers. DNA-binding domain of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) is composed of two C4-type zinc fingers. Each zinc finger contains a group of four Cys residues which co-ordinates a single zinc atom. PPAR interacts with specific DNA sites upstream of the target gene and modulates the rate of transcriptional initiation. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are members of the nuclear receptor superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors. PPARs play important roles in regulating cellular differentiation, development and lipid metabolism. Activated PPAR forms a heterodimer with the retinoid X receptor (RXR) that binds to the hormone response elements, which are composed of two direct repeats of the consensus sequence 5'-AGGTCA-3' separated by one to five base pair located upstream of the peroxisome proliferator responsive genes, and interacts with co-activators. Several essential fatty acids, oxidized lipids and prostaglandin J derivatives can bind and activate PPAR. Like other members of the nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors, PPAR has a central well conserved DNA binding domain (DBD), a variable N-terminal regulatory domain, a flexible hinge and a C-terminal ligand binding domain (LBD).
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 70
Total Disease Mutations Found: 51
This domain occurred 46 times on human genes (181 proteins).



  46,XY SEX REVERSAL 3
  ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY SYNDROME
  ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY, COMPLETE
  ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY, PARTIAL, WITH BREAST CANCER
  ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY, PARTIAL, WITH OR WITHOUT BREAST CANCER
  ENHANCED S-CONE SYNDROME
  GLUCOCORTICOID RESISTANCE, GENERALIZED
  HYPERAPOBETALIPOPROTEINEMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  LIPODYSTROPHY, FAMILIAL PARTIAL, TYPE 3
  MATURITY-ONSET DIABETES OF THE YOUNG, TYPE 1
  MICROPHTHALMIA, SYNDROMIC 12
  PSEUDOHYPOALDOSTERONISM, TYPE I, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 37
  VITAMIN D-DEPENDENT RICKETS, TYPE 2A


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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
zinc binding site
DNA binding site
dimer interface










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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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