Home News About DMDM Database Statistics Research Publications Contact  

 
Click for a Larger Image
  Domain Name: NR_DBD_RAR
DNA-binding domain of retinoic acid receptor (RAR) is composed of two C4-type zinc fingers. DNA-binding domain of retinoic acid receptor (RAR) is composed of two C4-type zinc fingers. Each zinc finger contains a group of four Cys residues which co-ordinates a single zinc atom. RAR interacts with specific DNA sites upstream of the target gene and modulates the rate of transcriptional initiation. RARs mediate the biological effect of retinoids, including both natural dietary vitamin A (retinol) metabolites and active synthetic analogs. Retinoids play key roles in a wide variety of essential biological processes, such as vertebrate embryonic morphogenesis and organogenesis, differentiation and apoptosis, and homeostasis. RAR function as a heterodimer with retinoic X receptor by binding to specific RAR response elements (RAREs), which are composed of two direct repeats of the consensus sequence 5'-AGGTCA-3' separated by one to five base pair and found in the promoter regions of retinoid target genes. Like other members of the nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors, retinoic acid receptors have a central well conserved DNA binding domain (DBD), a variable N-terminal domain, a non-conserved hinge and a C-terminal ligand binding domain (LBD).
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 73
Total Disease Mutations Found: 53
This domain occurred 46 times on human genes (182 proteins).



  46,XY SEX REVERSAL 3
  ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY SYNDROME
  ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY, COMPLETE
  ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY, PARTIAL, WITH BREAST CANCER
  ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY, PARTIAL, WITH OR WITHOUT BREAST CANCER
  ENHANCED S-CONE SYNDROME
  GLUCOCORTICOID RESISTANCE, GENERALIZED
  LIPODYSTROPHY, FAMILIAL PARTIAL, TYPE 3
  MATURITY-ONSET DIABETES OF THE YOUNG, TYPE 1
  MICROPHTHALMIA, SYNDROMIC 12
  PSEUDOHYPOALDOSTERONISM, TYPE I, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 37
  SPERMATOGENIC FAILURE 8 (SPGF8)
  VITAMIN D-DEPENDENT RICKETS, TYPE 2A


Tips:
 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.



Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
zinc binding site
DNA binding site
heterodimer interface










Weblogos are Copyright (c) 2002 Regents of the University of California




Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

   |   1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250   |   Department of Biological Sciences   |   Phone: 410-455-2258