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  Domain Name: NT_2-5OAS_ClassI-CCA
Nucleotidyltransferase (NT) domain of 2'5'-oligoadenylate (2-5A)synthetase (2-5OAS) and class I CCA-adding enzyme. In vertebrates, 2-5OASs are induced by interferon during the innate immune response to protect against RNA virus infections. In the presence of an RNA activator, 2-5OASs catalyze the oligomerization of ATP into 2-5A. 2-5A activates endoribonuclease L, which leads to degradation of the viral RNA. 2-5OASs are also implicated in cell growth control, differentiation, and apoptosis. This family includes human OAS1, -2, -3, and OASL. CCA-adding enzymes add the sequence [cytidine(C)-cytidine-adenosine (A)], one nucleotide at a time, onto the 3' end of tRNA, in a template-independent reaction. This class I group includes the archaeal Sulfolobus shibatae and Archeoglobus fulgidus CCA-adding enzymes. It belongs to the Pol beta-like NT superfamily. In the majority of enzymes in this superfamily, two carboxylates, Dx[D/E], together with a third more distal carboxylate, coordinate two divalent metal cations involved in a two-metal ion mechanism of nucleotide addition. These carboxylate residues are conserved in this family.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 2
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 4 times on human genes (9 proteins).




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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
metal binding triad
NTP binding site














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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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