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  Domain Name: PH_PLC_ELMO1
Phospholipase C and Engulfment and cell motility protein 1 pleckstrin homology domain. The C-terminal region of ELMO1, the PH domain and Pro-rich sequences, binds the SH3-containing region of DOCK2 forming a intermolecular five-helix bundle allowing for DOCK mediated Rac1 activation. ELMO1, a mammalian homolog of C. elegans CED-12, contains an N-terminal RhoG-binding region, a ELMO domain, a PH domain, and a C-terminal sequence with three PxxP motifs. Specificaly, PLCs catalyze the cleavage of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) and result in the release of 1,2-diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3). These products trigger the activation of protein kinase C (PKC) and the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. There are fourteen kinds of mammalian phospholipase C which are are classified into six isotypes (beta, gamma, delta, epsilon, zeta, eta). All PLCs, except for PLCzeta, have a PH domain which is for most part N-terminally located, though lipid binding specificity is not conserved between them. In addition PLC gamma contains a split PH domain within its catalytic domain that is separated by 2 SH2 domains and a single SH3 domain. PH domains have diverse functions, but in general are involved in targeting proteins to the appropriate cellular location or in the interaction with a binding partner. They share little sequence conservation, but all have a common fold, which is electrostatically polarized. Less than 10% of PH domains bind phosphoinositide phosphates (PIPs) with high affinity and specificity. PH domains are distinguished from other PIP-binding domains by their specific high-affinity binding to PIPs with two vicinal phosphate groups: PtdIns(3,4)P2, PtdIns(4,5)P2 or PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 which results in targeting some PH domain proteins to the plasma membrane. A few display strong specificity in lipid binding. Any specificity is usually determined by loop regions or insertions in the N-terminus of the domain, which are not conserved across all PH domains. PH domains are found in cellular signaling proteins such as serine/threonine kinase, tyrosine kinases, regulators of G-proteins, endocytotic GTPases, adaptors, as well as cytoskeletal associated molecules and in lipid associated enzymes.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 4
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 14 times on human genes (19 proteins).




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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


No Conserved Features/Sites Found for PH_PLC_ELMO1








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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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