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  Domain Name: PI-PLCc_delta4
Catalytic domain of metazoan phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C-delta4. This subfamily corresponds to the catalytic domain present in metazoan phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC, EC isozymes. PI-PLC is a signaling enzyme that hydrolyzes the membrane phospholipids phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) to generate two important second messengers in eukaryotic signal transduction cascades, Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). InsP3 triggers inflow of calcium from intracellular stores, while DAG, together with calcium, activates protein kinase C, which then phosphorylates other molecules, leading to altered cellular activity. Calcium is required for the catalysis. PLC-delta represents a class of mammalian PI-PLC that has an N-terminal pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, an array of EF hands, a PLC catalytic core domain, and a C-terminal C2 domain. This CD corresponds to the catalytic domain which is a TIM barrel with two highly conserved regions (X and Y) split by a highly degenerate linker sequence. There are three PI-PLC-delta isozymes (1,3 and 4). Unlike PI-PLC-delta 1 and 3, a putative nuclear export sequence (NES) located in the EF-hand domain, which may be responsible transporting PI-PLC-delta1 and 3 from the cell nucleus, is not present in PI-PLC-delta4. Experiments show PI-PLC-delta4 is required for the acrosome reaction in fertilization.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 40
Total Disease Mutations Found: 20
This domain occurred 15 times on human genes (22 proteins).


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
catalytic site
putative Ca binding site
putative active site

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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