Home News About DMDM Database Statistics Research Publications Contact  

  Domain Name: PI-PLCc_plant
Catalytic domain of plant phosphatidylinositide-specific phospholipases C. This family corresponds to the catalytic domain present in a group of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipases C (PI-PLC, EC encoded by PLC genes from higher plants, which are homologs of mammalian PI-PLC in terms of overall sequence similarity and domain organization. Mammalian PI-PLC is a signaling enzyme that hydrolyzes the membrane phospholipids phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) to generate two important second messengers in eukaryotic signal transduction cascades, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). InsP3 triggers inflow of calcium from intracellular stores, while DAG, together with calcium, activates protein kinase C, which then phosphorylates other molecules, leading to altered cellular activity. Calcium is required for the catalysis. The domain arrangement of plant PI-PLCs is structurally similar to the mammalian PLC-zeta isoform, which lacks the N-terminal pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, but contains EF-hand like motifs (which are absent in a few plant PLCs), a PLC catalytic core domain with X- and Y- highly conserved regions split by a linker sequence, and a C2 domain. However, at the sequence level, the plant PI-PLCs are closely related to the mammalian PLC-delta isoform. Experiments show that plant PLCs display calcium dependent PLC catalytic properties, although they lack some of the N-terminal motifs found in their mammalian counterparts. A putative calcium binding site may be located at the region spanning the X- and Y- domains.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 38
Total Disease Mutations Found: 20
This domain occurred 15 times on human genes (22 proteins).


 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
catalytic site
putative Ca binding site
putative active site

Weblogos are Copyright (c) 2002 Regents of the University of California

Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

   |   1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250   |   Department of Biological Sciences   |   Phone: 410-455-2258