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  Domain Name: PI-PLCc_zeta
Catalytic domain of metazoan phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C-zeta. This family corresponds to the catalytic domain presenting in metazoan phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC, EC isozyme. PI-PLC is a signaling enzyme that hydrolyzes the membrane phospholipids phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) to generate two important second messengers in eukaryotic signal transduction cascades, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). InsP3 triggers inflow of calcium from intracellular stores, while DAG, together with calcium, activates protein kinase C, which then phosphorylates other molecules, leading to altered cellular activity. Calcium is required for the catalysis. PI-PLC-zeta represents a class of sperm-specific PI-PLC that has an N-terminal EF-hand domain, a PLC catalytic core domain, and a C-terminal C2 domain. The PLC catalytic core domain is a TIM barrel with two highly conserved regions (X and Y) split by a highly degenerate linker sequence. There is one PLC-zeta isozyme (1). PLC-zeta plays a fundamental role in vertebrate fertilization by initiating intracellular calcium oscillations that trigger the embryo development. However, the mechanism of its activation still remains unclear. Aside from PI-PLC-zeta identified in mammals, its eukaryotic homologs have been classified with this family.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 38
Total Disease Mutations Found: 20
This domain occurred 15 times on human genes (22 proteins).


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
catalytic site
putative Ca binding site
putative active site

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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