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  Domain Name: PKc_MKK5
Catalytic domain of the dual-specificity Protein Kinase, MAP kinase kinase 5. Protein kinases (PKs), MAP kinase kinase 5 (MKK5) subfamily, catalytic (c) domain. PKs catalyze the transfer of the gamma-phosphoryl group from ATP to serine/threonine or tyrosine residues on protein substrates. The MKK5 subfamily is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other protein serine/threonine kinases, protein tyrosine kinases, RIO kinases, aminoglycoside phosphotransferase, choline kinase, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase. The mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signaling pathways are important mediators of cellular responses to extracellular signals. The pathways involve a triple kinase core cascade comprising of the MAP kinase (MAPK), which is phosphorylated and activated by a MAPK kinase (MAPKK or MKK), which itself is phosphorylated and activated by a MAPK kinase kinase (MAPKKK or MKKK). MKK5, also referred to as MEK5, is a dual-specificity PK that phosphorylates its downstream target, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5 (ERK5), on specific threonine and tyrosine residues. MKK5 is activated by MEKK2 and MEKK3 in response to mitogenic and stress stimuli. The ERK5 cascade promotes cell proliferation, differentiation, neuronal survival, and neuroprotection. This cascade plays an essential role in heart development. Mice deficient in either ERK5 or MKK5 die around embryonic day 10 due to cardiovascular defects including underdevelopment of the myocardium. In addition, MKK5 is associated with metastasis and unfavorable prognosis in prostate cancer.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 555
Total Disease Mutations Found: 252
This domain occurred 315 times on human genes (720 proteins).



  ADENOCARCINOMA OF LUNG, RESPONSE TO TYROS
  ADENOCARCINOMA OF LUNG, SOMATIC
  AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS 19
  AORTIC ANEURYSM, FAMILIAL THORACIC 7
  BLADDER CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  BREAST CANCER, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  CAMPTODACTYLY, TALL STATURE, AND HEARING LOSS SYNDROME
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 1
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 3
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 4
  CATARACT 6, AGE-RELATED CORTICAL
  CEREBRAL INFARCTION, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA, RESISTANT TO IMATINIB
  COFFIN-LOWRY SYNDROME
  COFFIN-LOWRY SYNDROME, MILD
  COLON CANCER, SOMATIC
  COLORECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC
  COLORECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  CROUZON SYNDROME
  DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE II
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 2
  FG SYNDROME 4
  GASTRIC CANCER, SOMATIC
  GLIOBLASTOMA, SOMATIC
  GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE IXC
  HARTSFIELD SYNDROME
  HEMANGIOMA, CAPILLARY INFANTILE, SOMATIC
  HIRSCHSPRUNG DISEASE, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 1
  HYPOCHONDROPLASIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH ANOSMIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH OR WITHOUT ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITHOUT ANOSMIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITHOUT ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  IN
  IRAK4 DEFICIENCY
  LADD SYNDROME
  LEUKEMIA, PHILADELPHIA CHROMOSOME-POSITIVE, RESISTANT TO IMATINIB
  LYMPHOMA, NON-HODGKIN, SOMATIC
  LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE SYNDROME 1
  MALFORMATIONS
  MEGALENCEPHALY-POLYMICROGYRIA-POLYDACTYLY-HYDROCEPHALUS SYNDROME
  MELANOMA, MALIGNANT, SOMATIC
  MENTAL RETARDATION AND MICROCEPHALY WITH PONTINE AND CEREBELLAR HYPOPLASIA
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED 19
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED 30
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED, WITH NYSTAGMUS
  MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA, TYPE IIA
  MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA, TYPE IIB
  MULTIPLE MYELOMA, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  NEPHRONOPHTHISIS 9 (NPHP9)
  NEUROPATHY, HEREDITARY SENSORY, TYPE II
  NONSMALL CELL LUNG CANCER, RESISTANCE TO TYROSINE KINASE INHIBITOR
  NONSMALL CELL LUNG CANCER, RESPONSE TO TYROSINE KINASE INHIBITOR IN,
  NOONAN SYNDROME 7
  OBESITY, HYPERPHAGIA, AND DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY
  OGUCHI DISEASE 2
  PARKINSON DISEASE 8, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT
  PEUTZ-JEGHERS SYNDROME
  PFEIFFER SYNDROME
  PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA, INCLUDED
  PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA, SOMATIC, IN
  PROSTATE CANCER, PROGRESSION AND METASTASIS OF
  RENAL AGENESIS
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 62
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 62 (RP62)
  SADDAN DYSPLASIA
  SCAPHOCEPHALY, MAXILLARY RETRUSION, AND MENTAL RETARDATION, INCLUDED
  SELECTIVE T-CELL DEFECT
  SHORT RIB-POLYDACTYLY SYNDROME 2A (SRPS2A)
  SHORT RIB-POLYDACTYLY SYNDROME, TYPE IIA
  SOMATIC
  SPERMATOCYTIC SEMINOMA, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  SPERMATOGENIC FAILURE 5
  SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIA 14
  SPONDYLOMETAEPIPHYSEAL DYSPLASIA, SHORT LIMB-HAND TYPE
  T-CELL IMMUNODEFICIENCY, RECURRENT INFECTIONS, AUTOIMMUNITY, AND CARDIAC
  TESTICULAR TUMOR, SOMATIC
  THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA, TYPE I
  THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA, TYPE I, INCLUDED
  THANATOPHORIC DYSPLASIA, TYPE II
  THROMBOCYTOPENIA 2
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FAMILIAL MEDULLARY
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FAMILIAL MEDULLARY, INCLUDED
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FOLLICULAR, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  THYROID CARCINOMA, PAPILLARY, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;|
  THYROID CARCINOMA, SPORADIC MEDULLARY, INCLUDED;;
  TO
  VENOUS MALFORMATIONS, MULTIPLE CUTANEOUS AND MUCOSAL


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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
ATP binding site
substrate binding site
activation loop (A-loop)





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