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  Domain Name: Peptidase_C1
C1 Peptidase family (MEROPS database nomenclature), also referred to as the papain family; composed of two subfamilies of cysteine peptidases (CPs), C1A (papain) and C1B (bleomycin hydrolase). Papain-like enzymes are mostly endopeptidases with some exceptions like cathepsins B, C, H and X, which are exopeptidases. Papain-like CPs have different functions in various organisms. Plant CPs are used to mobilize storage proteins in seeds while mammalian CPs are primarily lysosomal enzymes responsible for protein degradation in the lysosome. Papain-like CPs are synthesized as inactive proenzymes with N-terminal propeptide regions, which are removed upon activation. Bleomycin hydrolase (BH) is a CP that detoxifies bleomycin by hydrolysis of an amide group. It acts as a carboxypeptidase on its C-terminus to convert itself into an aminopeptidase and peptide ligase. BH is found in all tissues in mammals as well as in many other eukaryotes. It forms a hexameric ring barrel structure with the active sites imbedded in the central channel. Some members of the C1 family are proteins classified as non-peptidase homologs which lack peptidase activity or have missing active site residues.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 18
Total Disease Mutations Found: 15
This domain occurred 11 times on human genes (26 proteins).



  CEROID LIPOFUSCINOSIS, NEURONAL, 13
  HAIM-MUNK SYNDROME
  PAPILLON-LEFEVRE SYNDROME
  PERIODONTITIS, AGGRESSIVE, 1
  PYCNODYSOSTOSIS


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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
active site






















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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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