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  Domain Name: Peptidase_C1A_Cathep
Cathepsin C; also known as Dipeptidyl Peptidase I (DPPI), an atypical papain-like cysteine peptidase with chloride dependency and dipeptidyl aminopeptidase activity, resulting from its tetrameric structure which limits substrate access. Each subunit of the tetramer is composed of three peptides: the heavy and light chains, which together adopts the papain fold and forms the catalytic domain; and the residual propeptide region, which forms a beta barrel and points towards the substrate's N-terminus. The subunit composition is the result of the unique characteristic of procathepsin C maturation involving the cleavage of the catalytic domain and the non-autocatalytic excision of an activation peptide within its propeptide region. By removing N-terminal dipeptide extensions, cathepsin C activates granule serine peptidases (granzymes) involved in cell-mediated apoptosis, inflammation and tissue remodelling. Loss-of-function mutations in cathepsin C are associated with Papillon-Lefevre and Haim-Munk syndromes, rare diseases characterized by hyperkeratosis and early-onset periodontitis. Cathepsin C is widely expressed in many tissues with high levels in lung, kidney and placenta. It is also highly expressed in cytotoxic lymphocytes and mature myeloid cells.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 18
Total Disease Mutations Found: 15
This domain occurred 11 times on human genes (27 proteins).



  CEROID LIPOFUSCINOSIS, NEURONAL, 13
  HAIM-MUNK SYNDROME
  PAPILLON-LEFEVRE SYNDROME
  PERIODONTITIS, AGGRESSIVE, 1
  PYCNODYSOSTOSIS


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   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
S2 subsite
exclusion domain interfac

















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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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