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  Domain Name: Pyrin
Pyrin: a protein-protein interaction domain. The Pyrin domain (or PYD), also called DAPIN or PAAD, is a subfamily of the Death Domain (DD) superfamily and it functions in several signaling pathways. The Pyrin domain is found at the N-terminus of a variety of proteins and serves as a linker that recruits other domains into signaling complexes. Pyrin-containing proteins include NALPs, ASC (Apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD), and the interferon-inducible p200 (IFI-200) family of proteins which includes the human IFI-16, myeloid cell nuclear differentiation antigen (MNDA) and absent in melanoma (AIM) 2. NALPs are members of the NBS-LRR family of proteins possessing a tripartite domain structure including a C-terminal LRR (leucine-rich repeats), a central nucleotide-binding site (NBS) domain or NACHT (for neuronal apoptosis inhibitor protein, CIITA, HET-E and TP1), and an N-terminal protein-protein interaction domain, which is a Pyrin domain in the case of NALPs. ASC and NALPs are involved in the regulation of inflammation. ASC, NALP1 and NALP3 are involved in the assembly of the 'inflammasome', a multiprotein platform which is formed in response to infection or injury and is responsible for caspase-1 activation and regulation of IL-1beta maturation. NALP12 functions as a negative regulator of inflammation. The p200 proteins are involved in the regulation of cell cycle and differentiation. In general, DDs are protein-protein interaction domains found in a variety of domain architectures. Their common feature is that they form homodimers by self-association or heterodimers by associating with other members of the DD superfamily including Caspase activation and recruitment domain (CARD) and Death Effector Domain (DED). They serve as adaptors in signaling pathways and can recruit other proteins into signaling complexes.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 20
Total Disease Mutations Found: 1
This domain occurred 15 times on human genes (35 proteins).


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

No Conserved Features/Sites Found for Pyrin

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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