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  Domain Name: Rap2
Rap2 family GTPase consists of Rap2a, Rap2b, and Rap2c. The Rap2 subgroup is part of the Rap subfamily of the Ras family. It consists of Rap2a, Rap2b, and Rap2c. Both isoform 3 of the human mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase kinase 4 (MAP4K4) and Traf2- and Nck-interacting kinase (TNIK) are putative effectors of Rap2 in mediating the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) to regulate the actin cytoskeleton. In human platelets, Rap2 was shown to interact with the cytoskeleton by binding the actin filaments. In embryonic Xenopus development, Rap2 is necessary for the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway. The Rap2 interacting protein 9 (RPIP9) is highly expressed in human breast carcinomas and correlates with a poor prognosis, suggesting a role for Rap2 in breast cancer oncogenesis. Rap2b, but not Rap2a, Rap2c, Rap1a, or Rap1b, is expressed in human red blood cells, where it is believed to be involved in vesiculation. A number of additional effector proteins for Rap2 have been identified, including the RalGEFs RalGDS, RGL, and Rlf, which also interact with Rap1 and Ras. Most Ras proteins contain a lipid modification site at the C-terminus, with a typical sequence motif CaaX, where a = an aliphatic amino acid and X = any amino acid. Lipid binding is essential for membrane attachment, a key feature of most Ras proteins. Due to the presence of truncated sequences in this CD, the lipid modification site is not available for annotation.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 118
Total Disease Mutations Found: 69
This domain occurred 109 times on human genes (199 proteins).



  AUTOIMMUNE LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE SYNDROME, TYPE IV
  BLADDER CANCER, SOMATIC
  BLADDER CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  BLADDER CANCER, TRANSITIONAL CELL, SOMATIC
  BREAST ADENOCARCINOMA, SOMATIC
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 2
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 2 (CFC2)
  CONE-ROD DYSTROPHY 18
  COSTELLO SYNDROME
  COSTELLO SYNDROME, INCLUDED;;
  COSTELLO SYNDROME, SEVERE
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS WITH UROTHELIAL CAN
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS, SOMATIC
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  FACIOCUTANEOSKELETAL SYNDROME (FCSS)
  GASTRIC CANCER, SOMATIC
  GASTRIC CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  GRISCELLI SYNDROME, TYPE 2
  JUVENILE MYELOMONOCYTIC LEUKEMIA, INCLUDED;;
  LUNG CANCER, SOMATIC
  LUNG CANCER, SQUAMOUS CELL, SOMATIC
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED, SYNDROMIC, MARTIN-PROBST TYPE
  MYOPATHY, CONGENITAL, WITH EXCESS OF MUSCLE SPINDLES
  MYOPATHY, CONGENITAL, WITH EXCESS OF MUSCLE SPINDLES, INCLUDED;;
  NEUTROPHIL IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME
  NEVUS SEBACEOU
  NEVUS SEBACEOUS, SOMATIC
  NEVUS SEBACEOUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  NEVUS SEBACEOUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  NOONAN SYNDROME 3
  NOONAN SYNDROME 6
  NOONAN SYNDROME 6, INCLU
  NOONAN SYNDROME 8
  OVARIAN CANCER, SOMATIC
  PANCREATIC CARCINOMA, SOMATIC
  PILOCYTIC ASTROCYTOMA, SOMATIC
  RECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC
  SCHIMMELPENNING-FEUERSTEIN-MIMS SYNDROME, SOMATIC MOSAIC, INCLUDED;;
  SPERMATOCYTIC SEMINOMA, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FOLLICULAR, SOMATIC
  WARBURG MICRO SYNDROME 3


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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
GTP/Mg2+ binding site
putative GEF interaction
putative GDI interaction
putative effector interac
Switch I region
Switch II region
G1 box
G2 box
G3 box
G4 box
G5 box












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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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