Home News About DMDM Database Statistics Research Publications Contact  

 
Click for a Larger Image
  Domain Name: Rap_like
Rap-like family consists of Rap1, Rap2 and RSR1. The Rap subfamily consists of the Rap1, Rap2, and RSR1. Rap subfamily proteins perform different cellular functions, depending on the isoform and its subcellular localization. For example, in rat salivary gland, neutrophils, and platelets, Rap1 localizes to secretory granules and is believed to regulate exocytosis or the formation of secretory granules. Rap1 has also been shown to localize in the Golgi of rat fibroblasts, zymogen granules, plasma membrane, and microsomal membrane of the pancreatic acini, as well as in the endocytic compartment of skeletal muscle cells and fibroblasts. Rap1 localizes in the nucleus of human oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and cell lines. Rap1 plays a role in phagocytosis by controlling the binding of adhesion receptors (typically integrins) to their ligands. In yeast, Rap1 has been implicated in multiple functions, including activation and silencing of transcription and maintenance of telomeres. Rap2 is involved in multiple functions, including activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) to regulate the actin cytoskeleton and activation of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway in embryonic Xenopus. A number of effector proteins for Rap2 have been identified, including isoform 3 of the human mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase kinase 4 (MAP4K4) and Traf2- and Nck-interacting kinase (TNIK), and the RalGEFs RalGDS, RGL, and Rlf, which also interact with Rap1 and Ras. RSR1 is the fungal homolog of Rap1 and Rap2. In budding yeasts, it is involved in selecting a site for bud growth, which directs the establishment of cell polarization. The Rho family GTPase Cdc42 and its GEF, Cdc24, then establish an axis of polarized growth. It is believed that Cdc42 interacts directly with RSR1 in vivo. In filamentous fungi such as Ashbya gossypii, RSR1 is a key regulator of polar growth in the hypha. Most Ras proteins contain a lipid modification site at the C-terminus, with a typical sequence motif CaaX, where a = an aliphatic amino acid and X = any amino acid. Lipid binding is essential for membrane attachment, a key feature of most Ras proteins. Due to the presence of truncated sequences in this CD, the lipid modification site is not available for annotation.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 118
Total Disease Mutations Found: 69
This domain occurred 107 times on human genes (197 proteins).



  AUTOIMMUNE LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE SYNDROME, TYPE IV
  BLADDER CANCER, SOMATIC
  BLADDER CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  BLADDER CANCER, TRANSITIONAL CELL, SOMATIC
  BREAST ADENOCARCINOMA, SOMATIC
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 2
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 2 (CFC2)
  CONE-ROD DYSTROPHY 18
  COSTELLO SYNDROME
  COSTELLO SYNDROME, INCLUDED;;
  COSTELLO SYNDROME, SEVERE
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS WITH UROTHELIAL CAN
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS, SOMATIC
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  FACIOCUTANEOSKELETAL SYNDROME (FCSS)
  GASTRIC CANCER, SOMATIC
  GASTRIC CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  GRISCELLI SYNDROME, TYPE 2
  JUVENILE MYELOMONOCYTIC LEUKEMIA, INCLUDED;;
  LUNG CANCER, SOMATIC
  LUNG CANCER, SQUAMOUS CELL, SOMATIC
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED, SYNDROMIC, MARTIN-PROBST TYPE
  MYOPATHY, CONGENITAL, WITH EXCESS OF MUSCLE SPINDLES
  MYOPATHY, CONGENITAL, WITH EXCESS OF MUSCLE SPINDLES, INCLUDED;;
  NEUTROPHIL IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME
  NEVUS SEBACEOU
  NEVUS SEBACEOUS, SOMATIC
  NEVUS SEBACEOUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  NEVUS SEBACEOUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  NOONAN SYNDROME 3
  NOONAN SYNDROME 6
  NOONAN SYNDROME 6, INCLU
  NOONAN SYNDROME 8
  OVARIAN CANCER, SOMATIC
  PANCREATIC CARCINOMA, SOMATIC
  PILOCYTIC ASTROCYTOMA, SOMATIC
  RECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC
  SCHIMMELPENNING-FEUERSTEIN-MIMS SYNDROME, SOMATIC MOSAIC, INCLUDED;;
  SPERMATOCYTIC SEMINOMA, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FOLLICULAR, SOMATIC
  WARBURG MICRO SYNDROME 3


Tips:
 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.



Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
GTP/Mg2+ binding site
effector interaction site
putative GEF interaction
putative GDI interaction
Switch I region
Switch II region
G1 box
G2 box
G3 box
G4 box
G5 box












Weblogos are Copyright (c) 2002 Regents of the University of California




Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

   |   1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250   |   Department of Biological Sciences   |   Phone: 410-455-2258