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  Domain Name: Ras
Rat sarcoma (Ras) family of small guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases). The Ras family of the Ras superfamily includes classical N-Ras, H-Ras, and K-Ras, as well as R-Ras, Rap, Ral, Rheb, Rhes, ARHI, RERG, Rin/Rit, RSR1, RRP22, Ras2, Ras-dva, and RGK proteins. Ras proteins regulate cell growth, proliferation and differentiation. Ras is activated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) that release GDP and allow GTP binding. Many RasGEFs have been identified. These are sequestered in the cytosol until activation by growth factors triggers recruitment to the plasma membrane or Golgi, where the GEF colocalizes with Ras. Active GTP-bound Ras interacts with several effector proteins: among the best characterized are the Raf kinases, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), RalGEFs and NORE/MST1. Most Ras proteins contain a lipid modification site at the C-terminus, with a typical sequence motif CaaX, where a = an aliphatic amino acid and X = any amino acid. Lipid binding is essential for membrane attachment, a key feature of most Ras proteins. Due to the presence of truncated sequences in this CD, the lipid modification site is not available for annotation.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 114
Total Disease Mutations Found: 66
This domain occurred 125 times on human genes (227 proteins).



  AUTOIMMUNE LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE SYNDROME, TYPE IV
  BLADDER CANCER, SOMATIC
  BLADDER CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  BLADDER CANCER, TRANSITIONAL CELL, SOMATIC
  BREAST ADENOCARCINOMA, SOMATIC
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 2
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 2 (CFC2)
  CONE-ROD DYSTROPHY 18
  COSTELLO SYNDROME
  COSTELLO SYNDROME, INCLUDED;;
  COSTELLO SYNDROME, SEVERE
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS WITH UROTHELIAL CAN
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS, SOMATIC
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  EPIDERMAL NEVUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  FACIOCUTANEOSKELETAL SYNDROME (FCSS)
  GASTRIC CANCER, SOMATIC
  GASTRIC CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  GRISCELLI SYNDROME, TYPE 2
  JUVENILE MYELOMONOCYTIC LEUKEMIA, INCLUDED;;
  LUNG CANCER, SOMATIC
  LUNG CANCER, SQUAMOUS CELL, SOMATIC
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED, SYNDROMIC, MARTIN-PROBST TYPE
  MYOPATHY, CONGENITAL, WITH EXCESS OF MUSCLE SPINDLES
  MYOPATHY, CONGENITAL, WITH EXCESS OF MUSCLE SPINDLES, INCLUDED;;
  NEUTROPHIL IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME
  NEVUS SEBACEOU
  NEVUS SEBACEOUS, SOMATIC
  NEVUS SEBACEOUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  NEVUS SEBACEOUS, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  NOONAN SYNDROME 3
  NOONAN SYNDROME 6
  NOONAN SYNDROME 6, INCLU
  NOONAN SYNDROME 8
  OVARIAN CANCER, SOMATIC
  PANCREATIC CARCINOMA, SOMATIC
  PILOCYTIC ASTROCYTOMA, SOMATIC
  RECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC
  SCHIMMELPENNING-FEUERSTEIN-MIMS SYNDROME, SOMATIC MOSAIC, INCLUDED;;
  SPERMATOCYTIC SEMINOMA, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FOLLICULAR, SOMATIC
  WARBURG MICRO SYNDROME 3


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.



Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  


Feature Name:Total Found:
GTP/Mg2+ binding site
effector interaction site
GEF interaction site
GDI interaction site
Switch I region
Switch II region
G1 box
G2 box
G3 box
G4 box
G5 box














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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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