Home News About DMDM Database Statistics Research Publications Contact  

Click for a Larger Image
  Domain Name: START
Lipid-binding START domain of mammalian STARD1-STARD15 and related proteins. This family includes the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR)-related lipid transfer (START) domains of mammalian STARD1-STARD15, and related domains, such as the START domain of the Arabidopsis homeobox protein GLABRA 2. The mammalian STARDs are grouped into 8 subfamilies. This family belongs to the SRPBCC (START/RHO_alpha_C/PITP/Bet_v1/CoxG/CalC) domain superfamily of proteins that bind hydrophobic ligands. SRPBCC domains have a deep hydrophobic ligand-binding pocket. For some members of this family, specific lipids that bind in this pocket are known; these include cholesterol (STARD1/STARD3/ STARD4/STARD5), 25-hydroxycholesterol (STARD5), phosphatidylcholine (STARD2/ STARD7/STARD10), phosphatidylethanolamine (STARD10) and ceramides (STARD11). The START domain is found either alone or in association with other domains. Mammalian STARDs participate in the control of various cellular processes including lipid trafficking between intracellular compartments, lipid metabolism, and modulation of signaling events. Mutation or altered expression of STARDs is linked to diseases such as cancer, genetic disorders, and autoimmune disease. The Arabidopsis homeobox protein GLABRA 2 suppresses root hair formation in hairless epidermal root cells.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 15
Total Disease Mutations Found: 9
This domain occurred 14 times on human genes (21 proteins).


 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
lipid binding site

Weblogos are Copyright (c) 2002 Regents of the University of California

Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

   |   1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250   |   Department of Biological Sciences   |   Phone: 410-455-2258