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  Domain Name: STKc_ERK1_2_like
Catalytic domain of Extracellular signal-Regulated Kinase 1 and 2-like Serine/Threonine Kinases. Serine/Threonine Kinases (STKs), Extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) and Fus3 subfamily, catalytic (c) domain. STKs catalyze the transfer of the gamma-phosphoryl group from ATP to serine/threonine residues on protein substrates. This ERK1/2-like subfamily is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other protein STKs, protein tyrosine kinases, RIO kinases, aminoglycoside phosphotransferase, choline kinase, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase. This subfamily is composed of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) ERK1, ERK2, baker's yeast Fus3, and similar proteins. MAPK pathways are important mediators of cellular responses to extracellular signals. ERK1/2 activation is preferentially by mitogenic factors, differentiation stimuli, and cytokines, through a kinase cascade involving the MAPK kinases MEK1/2 and a MAPK kinase kinase from the Raf family. ERK1/2 have numerous substrates, many of which are nuclear and participate in transcriptional regulation of many cellular processes. They regulate cell growth, cell proliferation, and cell cycle progression from G1 to S phase. Although the distinct roles of ERK1 and ERK2 have not been fully determined, it is known that ERK2 can maintain most functions in the absence of ERK1, and that the deletion of ERK2 is embryonically lethal. The MAPK, Fus3, regulates yeast mating processes including mating-specific gene expression, G1 arrest, mating projection, and cell fusion.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 580
Total Disease Mutations Found: 238
This domain occurred 361 times on human genes (833 proteins).



  ADENOCARCINOMA OF LUNG, RESPONSE TO TYROS
  ADENOCARCINOMA OF LUNG, SOMATIC
  AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS 19
  AORTIC ANEURYSM, FAMILIAL THORACIC 7
  BRACHYDACTYLY, TYPE A2
  BREAST CANCER, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 1
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 3
  CARDIOFACIOCUTANEOUS SYNDROME 4
  CATARACT 6, AGE-RELATED CORTICAL
  CEREBRAL INFARCTION, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA, RESISTANT TO IMATINIB
  COFFIN-LOWRY SYNDROME
  COLON CANCER, SOMATIC
  COLORECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC
  COLORECTAL CANCER, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;
  COWDEN DISEASE 6
  CROUZON SYNDROME
  DIABETES MELLITUS, INSULIN-RESISTANT, WITH ACANTHOSIS NIGRICANS
  DIABETES MELLITUS, NONINSULIN-DEPENDENT
  DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE II
  ENDOCRINE-CEREBROOSTEODYSPLASIA
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 2
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 2 (EIEE2)
  FG SYNDROME 4
  GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE IXC
  HARTSFIELD SYNDROME
  HYPERINSULINEMIC HYPOGLYCEMIA, FAMILIAL, 5
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH ANOSMIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH OR WITHOUT ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITHOUT ANOSMIA
  HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITHOUT ANOSMIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO
  IN
  INSULIN RESISTANCE
  INSULIN RESISTANCE, INCLUDED
  IRAK4 DEFICIENCY
  JUVENILE POLYPOSIS SYNDROME
  LADD SYNDROME
  LEUKEMIA, PHILADELPHIA CHROMOSOME-POSITIVE, RESISTANT TO IMATINIB
  LYMPHOMA, NON-HODGKIN, SOMATIC
  MALFORMATIONS
  MEGALENCEPHALY-POLYMICROGYRIA-POLYDACTYLY-HYDROCEPHALUS SYNDROME
  MELANOMA, MALIGNANT, SOMATIC
  MENTAL RETARDATION AND MICROCEPHALY WITH PONTINE AND CEREBELLAR HYPOPLASIA
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED 30
  MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED, WITH NYSTAGMUS
  NEPHRONOPHTHISIS 9 (NPHP9)
  NEUROPATHY, HEREDITARY SENSORY, TYPE II
  NONSMALL CELL LUNG CANCER, RESISTANCE TO TYROSINE KINASE INHIBITOR
  NONSMALL CELL LUNG CANCER, RESPONSE TO TYROSINE KINASE INHIBITOR IN,
  NOONAN SYNDROME 7
  OBESITY, HYPERPHAGIA, AND DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY
  OGUCHI DISEASE 2
  PARKINSON DISEASE 8, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT
  PEUTZ-JEGHERS SYNDROME
  PFEIFFER SYNDROME
  PROSTATE CANCER, PROGRESSION AND METASTASIS OF
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 62
  RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA 62 (RP62)
  SCAPHOCEPHALY, MAXILLARY RETRUSION, AND MENTAL RETARDATION, INCLUDED
  SHORT RIB-POLYDACTYLY SYNDROME 2A (SRPS2A)
  SHORT RIB-POLYDACTYLY SYNDROME, TYPE IIA
  SOMATIC
  SPERMATOGENIC FAILURE 5
  SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIA 14
  T-CELL IMMUNODEFICIENCY, RECURRENT INFECTIONS, AUTOIMMUNITY, AND CARDIAC
  TESTICULAR TUMOR, SOMATIC
  THYROID CARCINOMA, FOLLICULAR, SOMATIC, INCLUDED
  THYROID CARCINOMA, PAPILLARY, SOMATIC, INCLUDED;;|
  TO
  VARIANT OF UNKNOWN SIGNIFICANCE
  VENOUS MALFORMATIONS, MULTIPLE CUTANEOUS AND MUCOSAL


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