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  Domain Name: cPLA2_Grp-IVC
Group IVC cytoplasmic phospholipase A2; catalytic domain; Ca-independent. Group IVC cPLA2, a small 61 kDa protein, is a single domain alpha/beta hydrolase. It lacks a C2 domain; therefore, it has no Ca-dependence. Group IVC cPLA2 is also referred to as cPLA2-gamma. The cPLA2-gamma enzyme is predominantly found in cardiac and skeletal muscles, and to a lesser extent in the brain. Human cPLA2-gamma is approximately 30% identical to cPLA2-alpha. The catalytic domain of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (PLA2; EC hydrolyzes the sn-2-acyl ester bond of phospholipids to release arachidonic acid. At the active site, cPLA2 contains a serine nucleophile through which the catalytic mechanism is initiated. The active site is partially covered by a solvent-accessible flexible lid. cPLA2 displays interfacial activation as it exists in both "closed lid" and "open lid" forms. Movement of the cPLA2 lid possibly exposes a greater hydrophobic surface and the active site. cPLA2 belongs to the alpha-beta hydrolase family which is identified by a characteristic nucleophile elbow with a consensus sequence of Sm-X-Nu-Sm (Sm = small residue, X = any residue and Nu = nucleophile). Includes PLA2G4C protein from human and Pla2g4c protein from mouse.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 24
Total Disease Mutations Found: 1
This domain occurred 5 times on human genes (6 proteins).


 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
flexible lid region
nucleophile elbow

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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