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  Domain Name: ADP_ribosyl
ADP_ribosylating enzymes catalyze the transfer of ADP_ribose from NAD+ to substrates. Bacterial toxins are cytoplasmic and catalyze the transfer of a single ADP_ribose unit to eukaryotic elongation factor 2, halting protein synthesis and killing the cell. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPS 1-3, VPARP, tankyrase) catalyze the addition of up to 100 ADP_ribose units from NAD+. PARPs 1 and 2 are localized in the nucleaus, bind DNA, and are activated by DNA damage. VPARP is part of the vault ribonucleoprotein complex. Tankyrases regulates telomere length in part through poy(ADP_ribosylation) of telomere repeat binding factor 1 (TRF1). Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase catalyses the covalent attachment of ADP-ribose units from NAD+ to itself and to a limited number of other DNA binding proteins, which decreases their affinity for DNA. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase is a regulatory component induced by DNA damage. The carboxyl-terminal region is the most highly conserved region of the protein. Experiments have shown that a carboxyl 40 kDa fragment is still catalytically active.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 1
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 10 times on human genes (13 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
nad+ binding pocket

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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