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  Domain Name: Bacterioferritin
Bacterioferritin, ferritin-like diiron-binding domain. Bacterioferritins, also known as cytochrome b1, are members of a broad superfamily of ferritin-like diiron-carboxylate proteins. Similar to ferritin in architecture, Bfr forms an oligomer of 24 subunits that assembles to form a hollow sphere with 432 symmetry. Up to 12 heme cofactor groups (iron protoporphyrin IX or coproporphyrin III) are bound between dimer pairs. The role of the heme is unknown, although it may be involved in mediating iron-core reduction and iron release. Each subunit is composed of a four-helix bundle which carries a diiron ferroxidase center; it is here that initial oxidation of ferrous iron by molecular oxygen occurs, facilitating the detoxification of iron, protection against dioxygen and radical products, and storage of ferric-hydroxyphosphate at the core. Some bacterioferritins are composed of two subunit types, one conferring heme-binding ability (alpha) and the other (beta) bestowing ferroxidase activity.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 0
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 1 times on human genes (2 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
ferroxidase diiron center
heme binding site
ferroxidase pore

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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