Home News About DMDM Database Statistics Research Publications Contact  

  Domain Name: CBM20_glucoamylase
Glucoamylase (glucan1,4-alpha-glucosidase), C-terminal CBM20 (carbohydrate-binding module, family 20) domain. Glucoamylases are inverting, exo-acting starch hydrolases that hydrolyze starch and related polysaccharides by releasing the nonreducing end glucose. They are mainly active on alpha-1,4-glycosidic bonds but also have some activity towards 1,6-glycosidic bonds occurring in natural oligosaccharides. The ability of glucoamylases to cleave 1-6-glycosidic binds is called "debranching activity" and is of importance in industrial applications, where complete degradation of starch to glucose is needed. Most glucoamylases are multidomain proteins containing an N-terminal catalytic domain, a C-terminal CBM20 domain, and a highly O-glycosylated linker region that connects the two. The CBM20 domain is found in a large number of starch degrading enzymes including alpha-amylase, beta-amylase, glucoamylase, and CGTase (cyclodextrin glucanotransferase). CBM20 is also present in proteins that have a regulatory role in starch metabolism in plants (e.g. alpha-amylase) or glycogen metabolism in mammals (e.g. laforin). CBM20 folds as an antiparallel beta-barrel structure with two starch binding sites. These two sites are thought to differ functionally with site 1 acting as the initial starch recognition site and site 2 involved in the specific recognition of appropriate regions of starch.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 1
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 2 times on human genes (2 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
starch-binding site 1
starch-binding site 2

Weblogos are Copyright (c) 2002 Regents of the University of California

Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

   |   1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250   |   Department of Biological Sciences   |   Phone: 410-455-2258