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  Domain Name: GAT_Gln-NAD-synth
Glutamine aminotransferase (GAT, glutaminase) domain of glutamine-dependent NAD synthetases (class 7 and 8 nitrilases). Glutamine-dependent NAD synthetases are bifunctional enzymes, which have an N-terminal GAT domain and a C-terminal NAD+ synthetase domain. The GAT domain is a glutaminase (EC which hydrolyses L-glutamine to L-glutamate and ammonia. The ammonia is used by the NAD+ synthetase domain in the ATP-dependent amidation of nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide. Glutamine aminotransferases are categorized depending on their active site residues into different unrelated classes. This class of GAT domain belongs to a larger nitrilase superfamily comprised of nitrile- or amide-hydrolyzing enzymes and amide-condensing enzymes, which depend on a Glu-Lys-Cys catalytic triad. This superfamily has been classified in the literature based on global and structure based sequence analysis into thirteen different enzyme classes (referred to as 1-13), this subgroup corresponds to classes 7 and 8. Members of this superfamily generally form homomeric complexes, the basic building block of which is a homodimer. Mycobacterium tuberculosis glutamine-dependent NAD+ synthetase forms a homooctamer.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 2
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 3 times on human genes (3 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
catalytic triad
protein interface 1
multimer interface

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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