Home News About DMDM Database Statistics Research Publications Contact  

  Domain Name: GST_N_Sigma_like
GST_N family, Class Sigma_like; composed of GSTs belonging to class Sigma and similar proteins, including GSTs from class Mu, Pi and Alpha. GSTs are cytosolic dimeric proteins involved in cellular detoxification by catalyzing the conjugation of glutathione (GSH) with a wide range of endogenous and xenobiotic alkylating agents, including carcinogens, therapeutic drugs, environmental toxins and products of oxidative stress. The GST fold contains an N-terminal TRX-fold domain and a C-terminal alpha helical domain, with an active site located in a cleft between the two domains. Vertebrate class Sigma GSTs are characterized as GSH-dependent hematopoietic prostaglandin (PG) D synthases and are responsible for the production of PGD2 by catalyzing the isomerization of PGH2. The functions of PGD2 include the maintenance of body temperature, inhibition of platelet aggregation, bronchoconstriction, vasodilation and mediation of allergy and inflammation. Other class Sigma members include the class II insect GSTs, S-crystallins from cephalopods and 28-kDa GSTs from parasitic flatworms. Drosophila GST2 is associated with indirect flight muscle and exhibits preference for catalyzing GSH conjugation to lipid peroxidation products, indicating an anti-oxidant role. S-crystallin constitutes the major lens protein in cephalopod eyes and is responsible for lens transparency and proper refractive index. The 28-kDa GST from Schistosoma is a multifunctional enzyme, exhibiting GSH transferase, GSH peroxidase and PGD2 synthase activities, and may play an important role in host-parasite interactions. Also members are novel GSTs from the fungus Cunninghamella elegans, designated as class Gamma, and from the protozoan Blepharisma japonicum, described as a light-inducible GST.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 13
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 13 times on human genes (22 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
GSH binding site (G-site)
dimer interface
C-terminal domain interfa

Weblogos are Copyright (c) 2002 Regents of the University of California

Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

   |   1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250   |   Department of Biological Sciences   |   Phone: 410-455-2258