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  Domain Name: GlxRS_core
catalytic core domain of glutamyl-tRNA and glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase. Glutamyl-tRNA synthetase(GluRS)/Glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase (GlnRS) cataytic core domain. These enzymes attach Glu or Gln, respectively, to the appropriate tRNA. Like other class I tRNA synthetases, they aminoacylate the 2'-OH of the nucleotide at the 3' end of the tRNA. The core domain is based on the Rossman fold and is responsible for the ATP-dependent formation of the enzyme bound aminoacyl-adenylate. It contains the characteristic class I HIGH and KMSKS motifs, which are involved in ATP binding. These enzymes function as monomers. Archaea, cellular organelles, and some bacteria lack GlnRS. In these cases, the "non-discriminating" form of GluRS aminoacylates both tRNA(Glu) and tRNA(Gln) with Glu, which is converted to Gln when appropriate by a transamidation enzyme. The discriminating form of GluRS differs from GlnRS and the non-discriminating form of GluRS in their C-terminal anti-codon binding domains.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 8
Total Disease Mutations Found: 6
This domain occurred 3 times on human genes (5 proteins).


 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
HIGH motif
KMSKS motif

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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