Home News About DMDM Database Statistics Research Publications Contact  

  Domain Name: IgC_MHC_II_beta
Class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) beta chain immunoglobulin domain. IgC_MHC_II_beta: Immunoglobulin (Ig) domain of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II beta chain. MHC class II molecules play a key role in the initiation of the antigen-specific immune reponse. In both humans and in mice these molecules have been shown to be expressed constitutively on the cell surface of professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs), for example on B-lymphocytes, monocytes, and macrophages. The expression of these molecules has been shown to be induced in nonprofessional APCs such as keratinocyctes, and they are expressed on the surface of activated human T cells and on T cells from other species. The MHC II molecules present antigenic peptides to CD4(+) T-lymphocytes. These peptides derive mostly from protelytic processing via the endocytic pathway, of antigens internalized by the APC. These peptides bind to the MHC class II molecules in the endosome before they are transported to the cell surface. MHC class II molecules are heterodimers, comprised of two similarly-sized membrane-spanning chains, alpha and beta. Each chain had two globular domains (N- and C-terminal), and a membrane-anchoring transmembrane segment. The two chains form a compact four-domain structure. The peptide-binding site is a cleft in the structure.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 86
Total Disease Mutations Found: 12
This domain occurred 42 times on human genes (90 proteins).


 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
heterodimer interface
MHC binding domain interf

Weblogos are Copyright (c) 2002 Regents of the University of California

Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

   |   1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250   |   Department of Biological Sciences   |   Phone: 410-455-2258