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  Domain Name: NT_2-5OAS_ClassI-CCA
Nucleotidyltransferase (NT) domain of 2'5'-oligoadenylate (2-5A)synthetase (2-5OAS) and class I CCA-adding enzyme. In vertebrates, 2-5OASs are induced by interferon during the innate immune response to protect against RNA virus infections. In the presence of an RNA activator, 2-5OASs catalyze the oligomerization of ATP into 2-5A. 2-5A activates endoribonuclease L, which leads to degradation of the viral RNA. 2-5OASs are also implicated in cell growth control, differentiation, and apoptosis. This family includes human OAS1, -2, -3, and OASL. CCA-adding enzymes add the sequence [cytidine(C)-cytidine-adenosine (A)], one nucleotide at a time, onto the 3' end of tRNA, in a template-independent reaction. This class I group includes the archaeal Sulfolobus shibatae and Archeoglobus fulgidus CCA-adding enzymes. It belongs to the Pol beta-like NT superfamily. In the majority of enzymes in this superfamily, two carboxylates, Dx[D/E], together with a third more distal carboxylate, coordinate two divalent metal cations involved in a two-metal ion mechanism of nucleotide addition. These carboxylate residues are conserved in this family.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 2
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 4 times on human genes (9 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
metal binding triad
NTP binding site

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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