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  Domain Name: PA_GCPII_like
PA_GCPII_like: Protease-associated domain containing protein, glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII)-like. This group contains various PA domain-containing proteins similar to GCPII including, GCPIII (NAALADase2) and NAALADase L. These proteins belong to the peptidase M28 family. GCPII is also known N-acetylated-alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase (NAALDase1), folate hydrolase or prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA). GCPII is found in various human tissues including prostate, small intestine, and the central nervous system. In the brain, GCPII is known as NAALDase1, it functions as a NAALDase hydrolyzing the neuropeptide N-acetyl-L-aspartyl-L-glutamate (alpha-NAAG), to release free glutamate. In the small intestine, GCPII releases the terminal glutamate from poly-gamma-glutamated folates. GCPII (PSMA) is a useful cancer marker; its expression is markedly increased in prostate cancer and in tumor-associated neovasculature. GCPIII hydrolyzes alpha-NAAG with a lower efficiency than does GCPII; NAALADase L is not able to hydrolyze alpha-NAAG. The GCPII PA domain (referred to as the apical domain) participates in substrate binding and may act as a protein-protein interaction domain.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 10
Total Disease Mutations Found: 2
This domain occurred 6 times on human genes (13 proteins).


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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
substrate binding
apical/protease domain in
dimer interface

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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