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  Domain Name: PI-PLCc_GDPD_SF
Catalytic domain of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C-like phosphodiesterases superfamily. The PI-PLC-like phosphodiesterases superfamily represents the catalytic domains of bacterial phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC, EC, eukaryotic phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC, EC, glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterases (GP-GDE, EC, sphingomyelinases D (SMases D) (sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase D, EC from spider venom, SMases D-like proteins, and phospholipase D (PLD) from several pathogenic bacteria, as well as their uncharacterized homologs found in organisms ranging from bacteria and archaea to metazoans, plants, and fungi. PI-PLCs are ubiquitous enzymes hydrolyzing the membrane lipid phosphoinositides to yield two important second messengers, inositol phosphates and diacylglycerol (DAG). GP-GDEs play essential roles in glycerol metabolism and catalyze the hydrolysis of glycerophosphodiesters to sn-glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) and the corresponding alcohols that are major sources of carbon and phosphate. Both, PI-PLCs and GP-GDEs, can hydrolyze the 3'-5' phosphodiester bonds in different substrates, and utilize a similar mechanism of general base and acid catalysis with conserved histidine residues, which consists of two steps, a phosphotransfer and a phosphodiesterase reaction. This superfamily also includes Neurospora crassa ankyrin repeat protein NUC-2 and its Saccharomyces cerevisiae counterpart, Phosphate system positive regulatory protein PHO81, glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase (GP-GDE)-like protein SHV3 and SHV3-like proteins (SVLs). The residues essential for enzyme activities and metal binding are not conserved in these sequence homologs, which might suggest that the function of catalytic domains in these proteins might be distinct from those in typical PLC-like phosphodiesterases.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 36
Total Disease Mutations Found: 20
This domain occurred 21 times on human genes (28 proteins).


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
catalytic site
active site

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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