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  Domain Name: PIKKc_ATR
ATR (Ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related), catalytic domain; The ATR catalytic domain subfamily is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other kinases such as the typical serine/threonine/tyrosine protein kinases (PKs), aminoglycoside phosphotransferase, choline kinase, and RIO kinases. ATR is also referred to as Mei-41 (Drosophila), Esr1/Mec1p (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), Rad3 (Schizosaccharomyces pombe), and FRAP-related protein (human). ATR is a member of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase-related protein kinase (PIKK) subfamily. PIKKs have intrinsic serine/threonine kinase activity and are distinguished from other PKs by their unique catalytic domain, similar to that of lipid PI3K, and their large molecular weight (240-470 kDa). ATR contains a UME domain of unknown function, a FAT (FRAP, ATM and TRRAP) domain, a catalytic domain, and a FATC domain at the C-terminus. Together with its downstream effector kinase, Chk1, ATR plays a central role in regulating the replication checkpoint. ATR stabilizes replication forks by promoting the association of DNA polymerases with the fork. Preventing fork collapse is essential in preserving genomic integrity. ATR plays a role in normal cell growth and in response to DNA damage.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 6
Total Disease Mutations Found: 2
This domain occurred 14 times on human genes (33 proteins).


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
ATP binding site
catalytic loop
activation loop (A-loop)

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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