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  Domain Name: PLPDE_III_ODC_DapDC_
Type III Pyridoxal 5-phosphate (PLP)-Dependent Enzymes, Ornithine and Diaminopimelate Decarboxylases, and Related Enzymes. This family includes eukaryotic ornithine decarboxylase (ODC, EC, diaminopimelate decarboxylase (DapDC, EC, plant and prokaryotic biosynthetic arginine decarboxylase (ADC, EC, carboxynorspermidine decarboxylase (CANSDC), and ODC-like enzymes from diverse bacterial species. These proteins are fold type III PLP-dependent enzymes that catalyze essential steps in the biosynthesis of polyamine and lysine. ODC and ADC participate in alternative pathways of the biosynthesis of putrescine, which is the precursor of aliphatic polyamines in many organisms. ODC catalyzes the direct synthesis of putrescine from L-ornithine, while ADC converts L-arginine to agmatine, which is hydrolysed to putrescine by agmatinase in a pathway that exists only in plants and bacteria. DapDC converts meso-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate to L-lysine, which is the final step of lysine biosynthesis. CANSDC catalyzes the decarboxylation of carboxynorspermidine, which is the last step in the synthesis of norspermidine. The PLP-dependent decarboxylases in this family contain an N-terminal PLP-binding TIM-barrel domain and a C-terminal beta-sandwich domain, similar to bacterial alanine racemases. They exist as homodimers with active sites that lie at the interface between the TIM barrel domain of one subunit and the beta-sandwich domain of the other subunit. Prokaryotic ornithine, lysine and biodegradative arginine decarboxylases are fold type I PLP-dependent enzymes and are not included in this family.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 2
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 3 times on human genes (7 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (P
catalytic residues
substrate binding site
dimer interface

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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