Home News About DMDM Database Statistics Research Publications Contact  

  Domain Name: PTase
Protein prenyltransferase (PTase) domain, beta subunit (alpha 6 - alpha 6 barrel fold). The protein prenyltransferase family of lipid-modifying enzymes includes protein farnesyltransferase (FTase) and geranylgeranyltransferase types I and II (GGTase-I and GGTase-II). They catalyze the carboxyl-terminal lipidation of Ras, Rab, and several other cellular signal transduction proteins, facilitating membrane associations and specific protein-protein interactions. Prenyltransferases employ a Zn2+ ion to alkylate a thiol group catalyzing the formation of thioether linkages between the C1 atom of farnesyl (15-carbon by FTase) or geranylgeranyl (20-carbon by GGTase-I, II) isoprenoid lipids and cysteine residues at or near the C-terminus of protein acceptors. FTase and GGTase-I prenylate the cysteine in the terminal sequence, "CAAX"; and GGTase-II prenylates both cysteines in the "CC" (or "CXC") terminal sequence. These enzymes are heterodimeric with both alpha and beta subunits required for catalytic activity. In contrast to other prenyltransferases, GGTase-II does not recognize its protein acceptor directly but requires Rab to complex with REP (Rab escort protein) before prenylation can occur. These enzymes are found exclusively in eukaryotes.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 1
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 4 times on human genes (6 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
active site cavity
Zn2+ binding site
lipid binding pocket
peptide binding pocket
heterodimer interface

Weblogos are Copyright (c) 2002 Regents of the University of California

Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

   |   1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250   |   Department of Biological Sciences   |   Phone: 410-455-2258