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  Domain Name: PX_PI3K_C2
The phosphoinositide binding Phox Homology Domain of Class II Phosphoinositide 3-Kinases. The PX domain is a phosphoinositide (PI) binding module present in many proteins with diverse functions. The Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase (PI3K) family of enzymes catalyzes the phosphorylation of the 3-hydroxyl group of the inositol ring of phosphatidylinositol. PI3Ks play an important role in a variety of fundamental cellular processes, including cell motility, the Ras pathway, vesicle trafficking and secretion, immune cell activation and apoptosis. They are also involved in the regulation of clathrin-mediated membrane trafficking as well as ATP-dependent priming of neurosecretory granule exocytosis. PI3Ks are divided into three main classes (I, II, and III) based on their substrate specificity, regulation, and domain structure. Class II PI3Ks preferentially use PI as a substrate to produce PI3P, but can also phosphorylate PI4P to produce PI(3,4)P2. They function as monomers and do not associate with any regulatory subunits. Class II enzymes contain an N-terminal Ras binding domain, a lipid binding C2 domain, a PI3K homology domain of unknown function, an ATP-binding cataytic domain, a PX domain, and a second C2 domain at the C-terminus. Class II PI3Ks include three vertebrate isoforms (alpha, beta, and gamma), the Drosophila PI3K_68D, and similar proteins.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 10
Total Disease Mutations Found: 5
This domain occurred 7 times on human genes (13 proteins).


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
phosphoinositide binding

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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