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  Domain Name: PX_SNX27
The phosphoinositide binding Phox Homology domain of Sorting Nexin 27. The PX domain is a phosphoinositide (PI) binding module present in many proteins with diverse functions. Sorting nexins (SNXs) make up the largest group among PX domain containing proteins. They are involved in regulating membrane traffic and protein sorting in the endosomal system. The PX domain of SNXs binds PIs and targets the protein to PI-enriched membranes. SNXs differ from each other in PI-binding specificity and affinity, and the presence of other protein-protein interaction domains, which help determine subcellular localization and specific function in the endocytic pathway. SNX27 contains an N-terminal PDZ domain followed by a PX domain and a Ras-Associated (RA) domain. It binds G protein-gated potassium (Kir3) channels, which play a role in neuronal excitability control, through its PDZ domain. SNX27 downregulates Kir3 channels by promoting their movement in the endosome, reducing surface expression and increasing degradation. SNX27 also associates with 5-hydroxytryptamine type 4 receptor (5-HT4R), cytohesin associated scaffolding protein (CASP), and diacylglycerol kinase zeta, and may play a role in their intracellular trafficking and endocytic recycling. The SNX27 PX domain preferentially binds to phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate (PI3P) and is important for targeting to the early endosome.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 4
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 11 times on human genes (20 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
phosphoinositide binding

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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