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  Domain Name: RasGAP_Neurofibromin
Ras-GTPase Activating Domain of proteins similar to neurofibromin. Neurofibromin-like proteins include the Saccharomyces cerevisiae RasGAP proteins Ira1 and Ira2, the closest homolog of neurofibromin, which is responsible for the human autosomal dominant disease neurofibromatosis type I (NF1). The RasGAP Ira1/2 proteins are negative regulators of the Ras-cAMP signaling pathway and conserved from yeast to human. In yeast Ras proteins are activated by GEFs, and inhibited by two GAPs, Ira1 and Ira2. Ras proteins activate the cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA) pathway, which controls metabolism, stress resistance, growth, and meiosis. Recent studies showed that the kelch proteins Gpb1 and Gpb2 inhibit Ras activity via association with Ira1 and Ira2. Gpb1/2 bind to a conserved C-terminal domain of Ira1/2, and loss of Gpb1/2 results in a destabilization of Ira1 and Ira2, leading to elevated levels of Ras2-GTP and uninhibited cAMP-PKA signaling. Since the Gpb1/2 binding domain on Ira1/2 is conserved in the human neurofibromin protein, the studies suggest that an analogous signaling mechanism may contribute to the neoplastic development of NF1.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 15
Total Disease Mutations Found: 9
This domain occurred 15 times on human genes (30 proteins).


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
putative RAS interface

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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